Thomas J.M. Daly

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Angiogenesis is thought to depend on a precise balance of positive and negative regulation. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is an angiogenic factor that signals through the endothelial cell-specific Tie2 receptor tyrosine kinase. Like vascular endothelial growth factor, Ang1 is essential for normal vascular development in the mouse. An Ang1 relative, termed(More)
The HIV-1 REV protein binds to the stem II region of the REV-responsive element (RNA). Studies to further define the RNA sequence and structure specifically bound by REV protein identify a minimal RNA element of 40 nucleotides. Analysis of RNA fragments by gel retardation and filter binding suggest that a core element composed of one particular stem with(More)
Angiopoietins are a recently discovered family of angiogenic factors that interact with the endothelial receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2, either as agonists (angiopoietin-1) or as context-dependent agonists/antagonists (angiopoietin-2). Here we show that angiopoietin-1 has a modular structure unlike any previously characterized growth factor. This modular(More)
Cytokines can initiate and perpetuate human diseases, and are among the best-validated of therapeutic targets. Cytokines can be blocked by the use of soluble receptors; however, the use of this approach for cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-13 that use multi-component receptor systems is limited because monomeric soluble receptors(More)
Neutrophil adhesion and direct cytotoxicity for cardiac myocytes require chemotactic stimulation and are dependent upon CD18-ICAM-1 binding. To characterize the potential role of IL-8 in this interaction, canine IL-8 cDNA was cloned and the mature recombinant protein expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 cells. Recombinant canine IL-8 markedly increased(More)
Angiopoietin (Ang)-2, a context-dependent agonist/antagonist for the vascular-specific Tie2 receptor, is highly expressed by endothelial cells at sites of normal and pathologic angiogenesis. One prevailing model suggests that in these settings, Ang-2 acts as an autocrine Tie2 blocker, inhibiting the stabilizing influence of the Tie2 activator Ang-1, thereby(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genome encodes the regulatory protein Rev, of relative molecular mass 13,000, which is synthesized from fully processed viral transcripts before synthesis of HIV-1 structural proteins. Rev has been postulated to exert control within the nucleus at the level of messenger RNA processing. The availability of Rev(More)
Recombinant HIV-1 Rev protein was overexpressed in Escherichia coli using translational coupling to the beta-glucuronidase gene and demonstrated to interact with high affinity and specificity with the Rev responsive element (RRE). A complex Rev-dependent binding pattern was observed using the gel shift assay which could be simplified to one or two primary(More)
The ability of HIV-1 Rev to successfully discriminate between specific Rev-responsive elements (RRE) and nonspecific binding sites in the presence of excess nonspecific RNA was examined using filter binding, gel shift, and gel filtration techniques, using purified M4 Rev mutant protein and endoproteinase Lys-C cleaved wild-type Rev. The M4 Rev displayed a(More)
Platelet basic protein (PBP) (94 residues) is naturally processed via N-terminal cleavage to yield connective tissue activating peptide-III (85 residues), beta-thromboglobulin (81 residues), and neutrophil activating peptide-2 (70 residues). Chemical cross-linking and gel filtration data indicate that each homolog can form dimers and tetramers. Subunit(More)