Thomas J. Kunicki

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We have identified monoclonal antibodies that inhibit human cell adhesion to collagen (P1H5), fibronectin (P1F8 or P1D6), and collagen and fibronectin (P1B5) that react with a family of structurally similar glycoproteins referred to as extracellular matrix receptors (ECMRs) II, VI, and I, respectively. Each member of this family contains a unique alpha(More)
Three allelic differences in the alpha2 gene are associated with expression levels of the alpha2beta1 integrin on the platelet surface. We have previously defined two linked silent polymorphisms in the alpha2 gene coding region at nucleotides 807 (C or T) and 873 (G or A). We have now identified one rarer nucleotide polymorphism in the coding region at(More)
Glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa is the major fibrinogen receptor on platelets and participates in platelet aggregation at the site of a wound. Integrin alpha v beta 3, which contains an identical beta-subunit, is expressed on endothelial cells and also serves as a fibrinogen receptor. Here, we demonstrate by several criteria that purified GPIIb-IIIa and integrin(More)
Genetic and environmental factors contribute to a substantial variation in platelet function seen among normal persons. Candidate gene association studies represent a valiant effort to define the genetic component in an era where genetic tools were limited, but the single nucleotide polymorphisms identified in those studies need to be validated by more(More)
Changes in ligand binding ability of the integrin alpha IIb beta 3 can be monitored by the concomitant expression of ligand-inducible binding sites (LIBS). A new LIBS, the hexapeptide sequence GPNICT (residues 1-6) at the amino terminus of beta 3 recognized by the murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) AP5, is sensitive both to the binding of ligand and to(More)
Platelet interaction with exposed adhesive ligands at sites of vascular injury is required to initiate a normal hemostatic response and may become a pathogenic factor in arterial diseases leading to thrombosis. We report a targeted disruption in a key receptor for collagen-induced platelet activation, glycoprotein (GP) VI. The breeding of mice with(More)
Convulxin (CVX), a C-type snake protein from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom, is the quintessential agonist for studies of the collagen receptor, glycoprotein VI (GPVI) and its role in platelet adhesion to collagens. In this study, CVX, purified from venom, behaves as expected, i.e. it binds to platelet GPVI and recombinant human GPVI, induces platelet(More)
In agreement with previous studies, we observed that incubation of washed human platelets with EDTA at 37 degrees C for short periods caused an irreversible loss of their aggregation response to adenosine diphosphate and markedly diminished their capacity to bind fibrinogen. AP-2 is a monoclonal antibody that reacts with a determinant specific to the(More)
The integrin alpha 2 beta 1 is a receptor for collagen that plays a fundamental role in the adhesion of blood platelets to the extracellular matrix. We previously reported that platelet alpha 2 beta 1 levels among randomly selected individuals can vary up to 10-fold and that this correlates with differences in adhesiveness to type-I or type-III collagens.(More)