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This thesis focuses on investigations of transient dark states of fluorescent molecules using spectroscopic techniques. The main purpose is to show and convince the reader that transient dark states are not always a nuisance, but also represent an additional source of information. Several studies with fluo-rescence correlation spectroscopy were performed,(More)
An ionic liquid-based ultrasonic/microwave-assisted simultaneous distillation and extraction (IL-UMASDE) method for isolating camptothecin (CPT), 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), vincoside-lactam (VCS-LT), and essential oils (EOs) from Camptotheca acuminata Decne fruits was developed. The important parameters were optimized using single-factor and central(More)
The air-stable hydride-platinum(II) complex [PtH{(PMe2O)2H}(PMe2OH)], reported by Parkins and co-workers in 1995, is the most versatile catalyst currently available for the hydration of C≡N bonds. It features remarkable activity under relatively mild conditions and exceptionally high functional group compatibility, facts that have allowed the implementation(More)
Sequentially Pd-catalyzed processes are excellent entries to heterocycle synthesis. The broad mechanistic variety combined with often very mild reaction conditions allow the concatenation of elementary organic and organometallic steps to novel sequences in the sense of one-pot domino and multicomponent reactions. Given the numerous opportunities of alkyne(More)
The switchable three-component reactions of 5-amino-3-methylisoxazole, salicylaldehyde and N-aryl-3-oxobutanamides under different conditions were studied and discussed. The unexpected influence of the aryl substituent in N-aryl-3-oxobutanamides on the behavior of the reaction was discovered. The key influence of ultrasonication and Lewis acid catalysts led(More)
A novel consecutive three-component synthesis of 3-(hetero)aryl-1H-pyrazoles via room temperature Sonogashira arylation of propynal diethylacetal used as a propargyl aldehyde synthetic equivalent has been disclosed. The final acetal cleavage-cyclocondensation with hydrazine hydrochloride at 80 °C rapidly furnishes the title compounds in a one-pot fashion.
Preface The Amsterdam Graduate Philosophy Conference—Meaning and Truth—was organised by the Department of Philosophy and the Institute for Logic, Language and Computation (illc) of the Univer-siteit van Amsterdam. The organisers were The conference was dedicated to exploring new ideas on what has been and remains a fundamental theme in the philosophy of(More)
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