Learn More
OBJECT Posterior fossa decompression with duraplasty for Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is a common pediatric neurosurgery procedure. Published series report a complication rate ranging from 3% to 40% for this procedure. Historically, many dural substitutes have been used, including bovine grafts, human cadaveric pericardium, synthetic dura, and(More)
A 4-year-old African American male was referred to the Pediatric Neurosurgery Service for evaluation of new onset seizures and worsening mental status. An MRI of the brain revealed a pineal region mass with diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement and compression of the basilar cisterns. A biopsy of the brain revealed histologic and immunophenotypic findings(More)
Patients with a history of closed head trauma and subarachnoid hemorrhage are uncommonly diagnosed with an intracranial saccular aneurysm. This study presents a group of patients in whom a pre-existing aneurysm was discovered during work-up for traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. Without an accurate pre-trauma clinical history, it is difficult to define the(More)
To investigate similarities and differences between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), we undertook a demographic analysis of 277 patients from the Kathleen Price Bryan Brain Bank with an antemortem diagnosis of probable AD. Patients with additional, possibly confounding clinical and pathologic diagnoses such as infarcts,(More)
One key to predicting optimal outcome of novel treatments, such as fetal surgery, for myelomeningocele is understanding the structure of the placode. We hypothesize that if the placode retains normal patterning and is simply unneurulated, then repair may be effective in preventing secondary injury. Serial sections of human myelomeningocele placodes were(More)
OBJECT Rhabdoid glioblastoma (GB) is an exceedingly rare tumor in which some of the tumor cells possess rhabdoid features such as eccentric nuclei, abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, and pseudopapillary formations. These tumors are exceptionally aggressive, and leptomeningeal dissemination is common. In the 9 previously reported cases, the longest survival(More)
Leukoencephalopathy with cerebral calcifications and cysts (LCC) was first reported in children who developed cognitive decline and variable extrapyramidal, cerebellar, and pyramidal signs, with or without seizures. Leukoencephalopathy with cerebral calcifications and cysts is characterized by progressive formation of brain cysts that can generate a mass(More)
We describe the case of a 7-year-old girl who was clinically diagnosed as having a pontine glioma based on magnetic resonance imaging studies. Neoplastic cells were identified upon cytologic examination of cerebrospinal fluid. Autopsy studies revealed an anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO grade III) diffusely infiltrating the cerebral hemispheres, brain stem,(More)
In this paper the authors describe the rare disorder of diffuse leptomeningeal oligodendrogliomatosis in a patient with an oligodendroglioma of the cauda equina who died suddenly. Reviewing this uncommon pathological entity is important so that it can be recognized and treated appropriately. This young, otherwise healthy woman with initial symptoms of(More)
OBJECT The prognostic value of differentiating between recurrent malignant glioma and a lesion due to radiation effect by performing stereotactic biopsy has not been assessed. Thus, this study was undertaken to determine such value. METHODS Between 1995 and 2001, 114 patients underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided stereotactic biopsy to(More)