Thomas J. Cummings

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PURPOSE To determine if water diffusivity within lymphomas and high-grade astrocytomas correlates with cellularity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Echo-planar diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in 11 patients with brain lymphomas (19 lesions) and in 17 patients with astrocytomas (19 lesions) were retrospectively reviewed. Regions of(More)
PURPOSE Elevated proportions of regulatory T cells (T(reg)) are present in patients with a variety of cancers, including malignant glioma, yet recapitulative murine models are wanting. We therefore examined T(regs) in mice bearing malignant glioma and evaluated anti-CD25 as an immunotherapeutic adjunct. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN CD4+CD25+Foxp3+GITR+ T(regs)(More)
We employed a genetically defined human cancer model to investigate the contributions of two genes up-regulated in several cancers to phenotypic changes associated with late stages of tumorigenesis. Specifically, tumor cells expressing two structurally unrelated bone-related genes, osteonectin and osteoactivin, acquired a highly invasive phenotype when(More)
Intracranial solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are typically dural-based, CD34-positive neoplasms of uncertain histogenesis. We examined ten cases of meninges obtained at autopsy from patients with no history of neurological illness, head trauma, or neurosurgical intervention, and ten cases of typical meningiomas with attached dural margins not involved by(More)
PURPOSE Patients with malignant glioma suffer global compromise of their cellular immunity, characterized by dramatic reductions in CD4(+) T cell numbers and function. We have previously shown that increased regulatory T cell (T(reg)) fractions in these patients explain T-cell functional deficits. Our murine glioma model recapitulates these findings. Here,(More)
OBJECT Rhabdoid glioblastoma (GB) is an exceedingly rare tumor in which some of the tumor cells possess rhabdoid features such as eccentric nuclei, abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, and pseudopapillary formations. These tumors are exceptionally aggressive, and leptomeningeal dissemination is common. In the 9 previously reported cases, the longest survival(More)
An important question facing physicians who care for families with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2a is whether prospective screening to detect early abnormalities of the thyroid, parathyroid, or adrenal glands favorably influences the ultimate course of the disease. An 18-year study of a large family has allowed us to examine the effect of early(More)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE To report a rare case of spinal intradural extraosseous Ewing sarcoma in an adult and review current literature. Although Ewing sarcoma belongs to the family, the treatment modalities are different, and thus the correct diagnosis is very important despite its rare occurrence. CLINICAL PRESENTATION A 56-year-old woman presented(More)
OBJECT Posterior fossa decompression with duraplasty for Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is a common pediatric neurosurgery procedure. Published series report a complication rate ranging from 3% to 40% for this procedure. Historically, many dural substitutes have been used, including bovine grafts, human cadaveric pericardium, synthetic dura, and(More)
Many soldiers returning from the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have had at least one exposure to an explosive event and a significant number have symptoms consistent with traumatic brain injury. Although blast injury risk functions have been determined and validated for pulmonary injury, there is little information on the blast levels necessary(More)