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GOAL To determine rapidly acting agents' impact on practice efficiency and cost for outpatient colonoscopy in a screening population. BACKGROUND Propofol-mediated endoscopic sedation is popular due to rapid sedation onset and superior recovery profile compared with sedation with an opioid and benzodiazepine. There are few data on the impact of this type(More)
Glaucoma, the second leading cause of worldwide blindness, is a progressive optic neuropathy characterized by a loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons beyond typical age-related baseline loss. Diagnosis is defined by optic disc and visual field changes, and the primary goal of glaucoma treatment is to preserve vision. Proven existing therapies (ie,(More)
Health-related productivity assessments typically focus on chronic conditions; however, acute conditions, particularly colds, have the potential to cause substantial health-related productivity losses because of their high prevalence in working-age groups. This article presents the findings of a study conducted to estimate productivity loss due to cold by(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between medication compliance and blood pressure (BP) control among members of 13 managed care organizations with essential hypertension (HTN) who received antihypertensive monotherapy for at least 3 pharmacy claims prior to the blood pressure measurement. METHODS This was a retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Overactive bladder (OAB) involves a complex set of symptoms with a lifetime prevalence of any symptom in ~30% of women and 20% of men. Anticholinergic agents are associated with poor medication persistence in OAB treatment. OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the long-term patterns of use and treatment failure in patients prescribed anticholinergic(More)
Antiepileptic drug (AED) monotherapy is the preferred initial management approach in epilepsy care, since most patients may be successfully managed with the first or second monotherapy utilized. This article reviews the rationale and evidence supporting preferential use of monotherapy when possible and guidelines for initiating and successfully employing(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess blood pressure control and the determinants of uncontrolled blood pressure among African-American hypertensive patients. DESIGN Baseline clinical data were collected as part of a nationwide hypertension quality improvement initiative. An analysis of determinants of uncontrolled blood pressure was(More)
Recent research into the pathophysiology of insomnia has brought a shift in the approach to treatment. Insomnia rarely occurs in isolation and is typically comorbid with other conditions. Rather than simply treating the primary disorder, whereby symptoms of insomnia may go unaddressed, now there is a push to acknowledge the existence of chronic insomnia as(More)
Glaucoma is a long-term ocular neuropathy defined by optic disc or retinal nerve fiber structural abnormalities and visual field abnormality. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. Currently available treatments, initiated in a stepwise process, focus on intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, and initially include topical drug(More)
When discussing AED conversion in the clinic, both the patient and physician perspectives on the goals and risks of this change are important to consider. To identify patient-reported and clinician-perceived concerns, a panel of epilepsy specialists was questioned about the topics discussed with patients and the clinician's perspective of patient concerns.(More)