Learn More
Between 1979 and 1981, 45,130 women in Edinburgh aged 45-64 were entered into a randomised trial of breast cancer screening by mammography and clinical examination. The initial attendance rate was 61% but this varied according to age and socioeconomic status and decreased over succeeding years. The cancer detection rate was 6.2 per 1000 women attending at(More)
Glial cells produce myelin and contribute to axonal morphology in the nervous system. Two myelin membrane proteolipids, PLP and DM20, were shown to be essential for the integrity of myelinated axons. In the absence of PLP-DM20, mice assembled compact myelin sheaths but subsequently developed widespread axonal swellings and degeneration, associated(More)
BACKGROUND The Edinburgh randomised trial of breast-cancer screening recruited women aged 45-64 years from 1978 to 1981 (cohort 1), and those aged 45-49 years during 1982-85 (cohorts 2 and 3). Results based on 14 years of follow-up and 270,000 woman-years of observation are reported. METHODS Breast-cancer mortality rates in the intervention group (28,628(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that kynurenic acid (KYNA), a compound produced endogenously by the interferon-gamma-induced degradation of tryptophan by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, activates the previously orphaned G protein-coupled receptor, GPR35. This receptor is expressed in immune tissues, although its potential function in immunomodulation remains(More)
Proteolipid protein (PLP) and its smaller isoform DM20 constitute the major myelin proteins of the CNS. Mutations of the X-linked Plp gene cause the heterogeneous syndromes of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and spastic paraplegia (SPG) in man and similar dysmyelinating disorders in a range of animal species. A variety of mutations including missense(More)
Diffuse axonal injury caused by mild closed head injury (CHI) is likely to affect the neural networks concerned with the planning and execution of sequences of memory-guided saccades. Thirty subjects with mild CHI and thirty controls were tested on 2- and 3-step sequences of memory-guided saccades. CHI subjects showed more directional errors, larger(More)
Neuropsychiatric problems are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) but there is little information regarding how they impact on quality of life. PD patients without dementia (49) were assessed for low mood/depression, fatigue, apathy, sleep problems and hallucinations. Measures of quality of life and motor function were also obtained. Over 77% of the patients(More)
Although the Tower of London (TOL) has been extensively used to assess planning ability in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the reported presence or extent of any planning deficits has been inconsistent. This may partly be due to the heterogeneity of the TOL tasks used and a failure to consider how structural problem parameters may affect task(More)
Specific immunostaining of p21 ras protein by the well-characterized pan-ras antibody Y13-259 is achieved in paraffin sections of human and animal tissues fixed in periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde-dichromate (PLPD). Intensity of staining is as good as in cryostat sections, with superior histological detail. Localization to plasma membrane is demonstrated(More)
This study examines cell turnover within the lobules of the "resting" human breast and correlates it to the stage of the menstrual cycle. The results are based on the morphological identification of both cell multiplication (mitosis) and cell deletion (apoptosis). It is found that these events undergo significant cyclical changes during the menstrual cycle,(More)