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Typical 2-Cys peroxiredoxins (Prxs) have an important role in regulating hydrogen peroxide-mediated cell signalling. In this process, Prxs can become inactivated through the hyperoxidation of an active site Cys residue to Cys sulphinic acid. The unique repair of this moiety by sulphiredoxin (Srx) restores peroxidase activity and terminates the signal. The(More)
The receptor mediating glutamate toxicity in vivo has not yet been identified. The effects of NMDA antagonist MK-801 and the AMPA antagonist NBQX were studied on glutamate toxicity in the arcuate nucleus of newborn and adult mice. Morphometric methods were used to determine the effects of antagonists on glutamate toxicity. In the developing arcuate, MK-801(More)
Inactivation of eukaryotic 2-Cys peroxiredoxins (Prxs) by hyperoxidation has been proposed to promote accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for redox-dependent signaling events. We examined the oxidation and oligomeric states of PrxI and -II in epithelial cells during mitogenic signaling and in response to fluxes of H2O2. During normal mitogenic(More)
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) results in direct physical damage and the generation of local factors contributing to secondary pathogenesis. Untargeted metabolomic profiling was used to uncover metabolic changes and to identify relationships between metabolites and neurobehavioral functions in the spinal cord after injury in rats. In the early metabolic(More)
The bacterial peroxiredoxin AhpC, a cysteine-dependent peroxidase, can be converted through a single amino acid insertion to a disulfide reductase, AhpC*, active in the glutathione and glutaredoxin pathway. Here we show that, whereas AhpC* is inactive as a peroxidase, other point mutants in AhpC can confer the in vivo disulfide reductase activity without(More)
The flavoprotein component (AhpF) of Salmonella typhimurium alkyl hydroperoxide reductase contains an N-terminal domain (NTD) with two contiguous thioredoxin folds but only one redox-active disulfide (within the sequence -Cys129-His-Asn-Cys132-). This active site is responsible for mediating the transfer of electrons from the thioredoxin reductase-like(More)
Recent studies suggest that periodontal disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus are bi-directionally associated. Identification of a molecular signature for periodontitis using unbiased metabolic profiling could allow identification of biomarkers to assist in the diagnosis and monitoring of both diabetes and periodontal disease. This cross-sectional study(More)
Sufiredoxins (Srx) repair the inactivated forms of typical two-Cys peroxiredoxins (Prx) implicated in hydrogen peroxide-mediated cell signaling. The reduction of the cysteine sulfinic acid moiety within the active site of the Prx by Srx involves novel sulfur chemistry and the use of ATP and Mg(2+). The 1.65 A crystal structure of human Srx (hSrx) exhibits a(More)
AhpC and AhpF from Salmonella typhimurium undergo a series of electron transfers to catalyze the pyridine nucleotide-dependent reduction of hydroperoxide substrates. AhpC, the peroxide-reducing (peroxiredoxin) component of this alkyl hydroperoxidase system, is an important scavenger of endogenous hydrogen peroxide in bacteria and acts through a reactive,(More)
Hydroxyapatite is a form of calcium phosphate that has long been used in the chromatographic separation of proteins and DNA [1]. Hydroxyapatite is best known as a crystalline material but is now available in a range of ceramic derivatives that are vastly superior in terms of flow rate, stability, and reproducibility over many cycles of use. These(More)