Thomas Ingram

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An assessment has been carried out of the relative performance of ten instruments for quantification of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by the firefly luciferase assay. The instruments evaluated were Amersham Amerlite Analyser, Dynatech Tube Luminometer, Dynatech Multiplate Luminometer, Dynatech Camera Luminometer, Hamilton Lumicon, LKB 1250 Luminometer, LKB(More)
Liposomes and micelles find various applications as potential solubilizers in extraction processes or in drug delivery systems. Thermodynamic and transport processes governing the interactions of different kinds of solutes in liposomes or micelles can be analyzed regarding the free energy profiles of the solutes in the system. However, free energy profiles(More)
A solvent-free, chemoenzymatic reaction sequence for the enantioselective synthesis of β-amino acid esters has been kinetically and thermodynamically characterized. The coupled sequence comprises a thermal aza-Michael addition of cheap starting materials and a lipase catalyzed aminolysis for the kinetic resolution of the racemic ester. Excellent ee values(More)
Several processes have been suggested to convert various types of lignocellulosic biomass into lignin products and saccharides. This paper evaluates the suitability of an organosolv process, a process using soda, a hydrothermal process and a process developed in this work, called the "Aquasolve process" for inclusion into a lignocellulosic biorefinery(More)
The conversion of lignocellulose to valuable products requires I: a fractionation of the major components hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin, II: an efficient method to process these components to higher valued products. The present work compares liquid hot water (LHW) pretreatment to the soda pulping process and to the ethanol organosolv pretreatment(More)
Surfactant-based separation processes are a promising alternative to conventional organic solvent processes. A crucial parameter to describe the efficiency of such processes is the partition coefficient between the surfactant aggregates (micelles) and the aqueous bulk phase. In this work, several experimental methods to determine these partition(More)
Surfactant solutions in practical applications usually are mixtures of ionic and nonionic surfactants. Because of synergistic effects, the solubilization of hydrophobic compounds can be enhanced while decreasing the needed amount of surfactant at the same time. In this work, the influence of the composition of Brij 35/CTAB and Brij 35/SDS mixed micelles on(More)
The importance of membrane-water partition coefficients led to the recent extension of the conductor-like screening model for realistic solvation (COSMO-RS) to micelles and biomembranes termed COSMOmic. Compared to COSMO-RS, this new approach needs structural information to account for the anisotropy of colloidal systems. This information can be obtained(More)
Several methods for the description of the retention behavior in micellar liquid chromatography (MLC) were described previously. Thereby, the most common are the linear solvation energy relationships (LSER). However, for the evaluation of the LSER, a number of experimental data are necessary. In this work, the retention data are predicted based on a single(More)
Quantitative predictions of biomembrane/water partition coefficients are important, as they are a key property in pharmaceutical applications and toxicological studies. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are used to calculate free energy profiles for different solutes in lipid bilayers. How to calculate partition coefficients from these profiles is(More)
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