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PURPOSE To evaluate our long-term experience with combined modality treatment and selective bladder preservation and to identify factors that may predict treatment response, risk of relapse, and survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1982 and 2000, 415 patients with bladder cancer (high-risk T1, n = 89; T2 to T4, n = 326) were treated with radiotherapy(More)
Spontaneous apoptosis has been shown to predict tumor response to preoperative radiochemotherapy in rectal cancer. It remains to be elucidated, however, which genetic profile determines whether a tumor is more or less prone to apoptosis. Recently, a novel member of the inhibitor of apoptosis family, designated survivin, was identified. In the present study(More)
Pseudouni- or multiaxonal Dogiel type II neurons are the intrinsic primary afferent (sensory) neurons (IPANs) in the guinea pig small intestine. Our aim was to decipher the chemical code of human myenteric type II neurons and to establish their putative vertical projections, i.e., from the myenteric plexus to the submucosa/mucosa. Additionally, we tried to(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative radiotherapy (RT) with concurrent capecitabine and oxaliplatin (XELOX-RT) in patients with rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thirty-two patients with locally advanced (T3/T4) or low-lying rectal cancer received preoperative RT (total dose, 50.4 Gy).(More)
T cells seem to be responsible for liver damage in any type of acute hepatitis. Nevertheless, the importance of Kupffer cells (KCs) for T-cell-dependent liver failure is unclear. Here we focus on the role of KCs and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) production after T cell stimulation in mice. T-cell- and TNF-dependent liver injury were induced either by(More)
Apoptosis levels have been shown to predict tumor response to preoperative radiochemotherapy in rectal cancer. Recently, the prominent role of survivin, a structurally unique member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, has been shown in colorectal cancer tumorigenesis and prognosis. In this study, we investigated whether survivin plays a direct(More)
Surgery has become a recognized therapeutic means in selected patients with pulmonary metastases from colorectal origin. We reviewed our experience in the surgical treatment of 153 patients with pulmonary colorectal metastases and investigated factors affecting survival. A retrospective analysis of the records of all patients (n = 153) with pulmonary(More)
Purpose.Mammography (MG), breast (BU) and axillary ultrasound (AU), and clinical examination (CE) are commonly used for clinical staging. These different methods were compared in order to assess the accuracy of clinical tumor staging (cT). Method.About 503 breast cancer (BC) patients were prospectively measured by MG, ultrasound and clinical examination.(More)
Histological phenotype and clinical behaviour of malignant tumours are not only dependent on alterations in the epithelial cell compartment, but are affected by their interaction with inflammatory cells and tumour-associated stroma. Studies in animal models have shown influence of tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) on histological grade of differentiation(More)
UNLABELLED The liver appears to play an important role in immunological tolerance, for example, during allo-transplantation. We investigated tolerance mechanisms in the model of concanavalin A (ConA)-induced immune-mediated liver injury in mice. We found that a single injection of a sublethal ConA dose to C57BL/6 mice induced tolerance toward ConA-induced(More)