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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Smoking cessation trials with three high-affinity partial agonists of alpha4beta2 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have demonstrated differences in their clinical efficacy. This work examines the origin of the differences by taking into account brain exposure and pharmacological effects at human alpha4beta2 nAChRs.(More)
The monoaminergic network, including serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (DA) pathways, is highly interconnected and has a well-established role in mood disorders. Preclinical research suggests that 5-HT receptor subtypes, including 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, 5-HT3, and 5-HT7 receptors as well as the 5-HT transporter (SERT), may have important roles in(More)
The only method to quantify free extracellular levels of drugs in the brain of living animals is microdialysis. However, quantitative microdialysis has been hampered by methodological issues for decades. The problems arise from the need to establish the in vivo recovery for appropriate quantitation. In dealing with these issues the "dynamic no-net-flux"(More)
Serotonin (5-HT)2C receptors are implicated in the control of mood, and their blockade is of potential interest for the management of anxiodepressive states. Herein, we characterized the in vitro and in vivo pharmacological profile of the novel benzourea derivative, S32006. Standard cellular, electrophysiological, neurochemical, and behavioral procedures(More)
Gaboxadol has been suggested to be a selective extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptor agonist. However, there is little information on Gaboxadol concentrations in the central nervous system (CNS) at therapeutically relevant doses. In order to investigate this, rats were injected subcutaneously with Gaboxadol and plasma and CNS concentrations were determined using(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the combination of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) with the beta-adrenoceptor/serotonin 1A (5-HT(1A)) antagonist pindolol, based on the concept that 5-HT(1A) receptor blockade would eliminate the need for desensitization of presynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors and therefore hasten the onset of action and improve the(More)
We have investigated effects of continuous SSRI administration and abrupt discontinuation on biochemical and behavioral indices of rat brain serotonin function, and attempted to identify underlying mechanisms. Biochemistry of serotonin was assessed with brain tissue assays and microdialysis; behavior was assessed as the acoustic startle reflex. Long-term(More)
(-)-(1R,2R)-3-(3-dimethylamino-1-ethyl-2-methyl-propyl)-phenol hydrochloride (tapentadol HCl) is a novel micro-opioid receptor (MOR) agonist (Ki = 0.1 microM; relative efficacy compared with morphine 88% in a [35S]guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding assay) and NE reuptake inhibitor (Ki = 0.5 microM for synaptosomal reuptake inhibition). In vivo(More)
Microdialysis was used to assess the involvement of postsynaptic 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) (5-HT(1A)) receptors in the regulation of extracellular 5-HT in the amygdala. Local infusion of the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist flesinoxan (0.3, 1, 3 microM) for 30 min into the amygdala maximally decreased 5-HT to 50% of basal level. Systemic administration of citalopram(More)
The enhancement of central serotonin system function underlies the therapeutic effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which have become the most commonly used class of antidepressant agents. However, many individuals experience depressive episodes that are resistant to SSRI treatment. Homeostatic mechanisms that limit the extent to(More)