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Pharmacological studies of the inferior colliculus (IC) suggest that the inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in shaping responses to simple and complex acoustic stimuli. Several models of auditory dysfunction, including age-related hearing loss, tinnitus, and peripheral deafferentation, suggest an(More)
A decline in the ability to discriminate speech from noise due to age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) may reflect impaired auditory information processing within the central nervous system. Presbycusis may result, in part, from functional loss of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA. The present study assessed age-related changes of the GABA(A) receptor(More)
It is well accepted that salicylate ototoxicity results in reversible tinnitus in humans. Salicylate-induced tinnitus may be an example of plasticity of the central auditory system and could potentially serve as a model to further understand mechanisms of tinnitus generation. This study examined levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and the binding(More)
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are fatal neurodegenerative diseases that include variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, scrapie in small ruminants, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle. Scrapie is not considered a public health risk, but BSE has been linked to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Small ruminants are(More)
Two cases of unusual transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) were diagnosed on the same farm in ARQ/ARQ PrP sheep showing attributes of both bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and scrapie. These cases, UK-1 and UK-2, were investigated further by transmissions to wild-type and ovine transgenic mice. Lesion profiles (LP) on primary isolation and(More)
In 9], a variable step-size, semi-explicit variant of the explicit Stt ormer-Verlet method has been proposed for the time-reversible integration of Newton's equations of motion. Here we propose a fully explicit version of this approach applicable to explicit and symmetric integration methods for general time-reversible diierential equations. As(More)
In 10], a variable stepsize, semi-explicit variant of the explicit Stt ormer-Verlet method has been suggested for the time-reversible integration of Newton's equations of motion. Here we propose a fully explicit version of this approach applicable to explicit and symmetric integration methods for general time-reversible diierential equations. This approach(More)
Alvinella pompejana is an annelid worm that inhabits deep-sea hydrothermal vent sites in the Pacific Ocean. Living at a depth of approximately 2500 meters, these worms experience extreme environmental conditions, including high temperature and pressure as well as high levels of sulfide and heavy metals. A. pompejana is one of the most thermotolerant(More)
SUMMARY Computational Structural Biology Toolbox (CSB) is a cross-platform Python class library for reading, storing and analyzing biomolecular structures with rich support for statistical analyses. CSB is designed for reusability and extensibility and comes with a clean, well-documented API following good object-oriented engineering practice. (More)
Mouse bioassay can be readily employed for strain typing of naturally occurring transmissible spongiform encephalopathy cases. Classical scrapie strains have been characterised historically based on the established methodology of assessing incubation period of disease and the distribution of disease-specific vacuolation across the brain following strain(More)