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Numerous studies have shown that transcription factors are important in regulating plant responses to environmental stress. However, specific functions for most of the genes encoding transcription factors are unclear. In this study, we used mRNA profiles generated from microarray experiments to deduce the functions of genes encoding known and putative(More)
The production of trichothecene mycotoxins by some plant pathogenic species of Fusarium is thought to contribute to their virulence. Gibberella zeae (F. graminearum) is an important cereal pathogen that produces the trichothecene deoxynivalenol. To determine if trichothecene production contributes to the virulence of G. zeae, we generated(More)
Like other eukaryotes, plants use DICER-LIKE (DCL) proteins as the central enzymes of RNA silencing, which regulates gene expression and mediates defense against viruses. But why do plants like Arabidopsis express four DCLs, a diversity unmatched by other kingdoms? Here we show that two nuclear DNA viruses (geminivirus CaLCuV and pararetrovirus CaMV) and a(More)
Evidence for direct, gene-mediated stable genetic transformation of plant cells of Nicotiana tabacum is presented. A selectable hybrid gene comprising the protein coding region of the Tn5 aminoglycoside phosphotransferase type II gene under control of cauliflower mosaic virus gene VI expression signals was introduced into plant protoplasts as part of an(More)
In Fusarium sporotrichioides, several genes required for biosynthesis of the trichothecene mycotoxin T-2 toxin are closely linked. Further characterization of this gene cluster has revealed a gene, Tri6, that specifies a 217-amino-acid protein with regions similar to Cys2His2 zinc finger proteins. Temporal expression of Tri6 is similar to that of(More)
Two bacterial antibiotic resistance genes, one coding for the neomycin phosphotransferase (NPT I) from Tn903, and the other coding for the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase from Tn9 were used as plant selectable markers. Both genes were introduced into the Nicotiana tabacum genome in a new plant expression vector, using the direct gene transfer method. The(More)
Clusters of functionally related genes are a general feature of prokaryotic gene organization but are much less prevalent in eukaryotes. The discovery that genes for certain types of metabolic pathways are clustered in filamentous fungi is relatively recent. Only 8 years ago in a discussion of the proline utilization pathway genes, Hull et al. (1989)(More)
In plant pararetroviruses, pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) directs synthesis of circular double-stranded viral DNA and serves as a polycistronic mRNA. By computer-aided analysis, the 14 plant pararetroviruses sequenced so far were compared with respect to structural organization of their pgRNA 5'-leader. The results revealed that the pgRNA of all these viruses(More)
Many scientists, if not all, feel that their particular plant virus should appear in any list of the most important plant viruses. However, to our knowledge, no such list exists. The aim of this review was to survey all plant virologists with an association with Molecular Plant Pathology and ask them to nominate which plant viruses they would place in a(More)
Bipartite geminiviruses encode a small protein, AC2, that functions as a transactivator of viral transcription and a suppressor of RNA silencing. A relationship between these two functions had not been investigated before. We characterized both of these functions for AC2 from Mungbean yellow mosaic virus-Vigna (MYMV). When transiently expressed in plant(More)