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BACKGROUND Alpha synuclein has been found elevated in dopamine neurons of cocaine abusers and in rats whose alcohol preference is inbred. METHODS The alpha synuclein mRNA expression level was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in the blood of 75 male alcoholics and 69 nondrinking healthy control subjects. Alcohol craving was assessed by(More)
Recent studies have described an association of leptin serum levels and craving in alcohol dependent patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate a large patients' sample using a power-based statistical analysis. We included 156 male and 33 female patients suffering from alcohol dependence admitted for detoxification treatment. Leptin serum(More)
OBJECTIVE There is growing evidence, that genetic variants contribute to the pathogenesis of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Genetic studies have revealed candidate genes, but no satisfactory associations with the disorders have been found so far. The aim of the present study was to evaluate, whether behavioral and attitudinal traits of the disorders(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha synuclein has been found to be increased in dopamine neurones of cocaine abusers and in rats whose alcohol preference is inbred. Furthermore, increased alpha-synuclein messenger RNA expression has been linked to craving in patients with alcoholism. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether protein levels of alpha synuclein in(More)
Gray matter abnormalities have been found in anorexia nervosa (AN) in several brain regions. However, little is known about white matter abnormalities under the condition of AN. To comprehensively assess the microstructural integrity of white matter pathways in women with anorexia nervosa, we performed voxel-based Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI). 21 women(More)
Subtyping in alcohol dependence has become an important issue as studies have proposed different neurobiological mechanisms in alcoholism in the recent years. Studies have shown that alcohol dependence reflects a wide range of different phenotypes, including psychological, social, and neurobiological factors. Different ways of subtyping have been proposed(More)
OBJECTIVE Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a rapidly progressive and fatal disease which has no known cure and limited symptomatic treatment. While coping strategies in more common diseases are widely assessed, coping is poorly understood in ALS. METHODS We examined 41 ALS patients using a standardised interview, a validated coping self-rating(More)
Psychosis due to dopamimetic treatment is a difficult problem in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this structured review with meta-analysis was to evaluate which neuroleptic drugs can efficiently be used to treat drug-induced psychosis (DIP) in Parkinson's disease. Electronic databases were screened for the key words Parkinson's disease(More)
Until recently, genetic mechanisms influencing craving in alcohol withdrawal were poorly understood. Studies show that alcoholism is associated with dysregulation of sexual hormones. The androgen receptor is encoded by the trinucleotide repeat CAG. Long repeat regions have been shown to inhibit interactions between the androgen receptor and different(More)