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BACKGROUND Viral sinusitis can precede acute bacterial sinusitis, but the influence of viral infection on bacterial colonization is unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis in the osteomeatal complex (OMC), nasal cavity, and nasopharynx in adults during(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To compare by meta-analysis the effect of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) monitoring versus RLN identification alone on true vocal fold palsy rates after thyroidectomy. STUDY DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS A search of MEDLINE (1966-July 2008), EMBASE (1980-July 2008), Cochrane Central Register of Clinical(More)
– We consider a class of MIMO radar emissions in which a coherent spatial beam is formed while the direction is modulated during the pulse width. This type of spatial modulation has a direct analog to the rapid, small movements of the human eye during fixation (staring) to enhance contrast and sensitivity to fine detail. To replicate this passive sensing(More)
In three experiments, rats received pairings of flavor conditioned stimuli with polycose unconditioned stimuli, in either a simultaneous or a sequential relation. Both temporal relations produced excellent conditioned increases in consumption of the flavors. Separate presentation of the flavors resulted in extinction in both cases. However, restoring the(More)
—A new spectral-shaping approach is used to design jointly the amplitude window and phase of a tapered NLFM waveform. This approach can produce physical radar emissions with ultra-low sidelobes that support sufficient spectral roll-off to maintain forthcoming spectral compliance requirements. A small SNR loss is traded for a substantial reduction in range(More)
base funding program. All views and opinions expressed here are the authors' own and do not reflect the official position of the U.S. Leveraging the recent development of a physical implementation of arbitrary polyphase codes as spectrally well-contained waveforms, the notion of spatial modulation is developed whereby a time-varying beampattern is(More)
Esthesioneuroblastoma, or olfactory neuroblastoma, is an uncommon malignant tumor arising in the upper nasal cavity. Surgical approaches to this and other sinonasal malignancies involving the anterior skull base have traditionally involved craniofacial resections. Over the past 10 years to 15 years, there have been advances in endoscopic approaches to skull(More)
—The sensitivity impact of range straddling in the form of mismatch loss is well known. What is less appreciated, however, is the effect upon dynamic range, particularly for receive filtering that seeks to minimize range sidelobes. For FM-based waveforms, which are readily implementable in a high-power radar system, it is shown that least-squares (LS)(More)