Thomas Hefti

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Advanced surface modifications and materials were tested on the same implant geometry. Six types of dental implants were tested for osseointegration after 2, 4 and 8 weeks in a sheep pelvis model. Four titanium implant types were treated with newly developed surface modifications, of which two were chemically and two were pharmacologically modified. One(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to determine whether bone formation around surface-conditioned implants is enhanced compared with non-surface-conditioned sandblasted acid-etched titanium implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and forty-four implants were placed in the mandible of 18 minipigs. Before placement, implants were either surface conditioned(More)
OBJECTIVES Zirconia is a suitable biomaterial for use in medicine (stomatology, orthopaedics) due to its good biocompatibility and outstanding mechanical properties. This study compares the effect of (i) zirconia to the widely used titanium and (ii) zirconia with two different surface topographies (sandblasted and sandblasted/etched) on the adhesion,(More)
Osteoclasts resorb bone at surfaces, leaving behind pits and trails where both mineral and organic phases of bone have been dissolved. Rough surface structures are deliberately imparted to synthetic implants, in order to improve osseointegration. The aim of this study is to characterize osteoclastic resorption pits on native bone surfaces and to compare(More)
AIM To test the hypothesis that peri-implant bone formation and mechanical stability of surface-modified zirconia and titanium implants are equivalent. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twelve minipigs received three types of implants on either side of the mandible 8 weeks after removal of all pre-molar teeth: (i) a zirconia implant with a sandblasted surface; (ii) a(More)
Osteoclasts are responsible for bone resorption and implant surface roughness promotes osseointegration. However, little is known about the effect of roughness on osteoclast activity. This study aims at the characterization of osteoclastic response to surface roughness. The number of osteoclasts, the tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and matrix(More)
OBJECTIVES Osseointegration is dependent on different parameters of the implant surface like surface roughness and physicochemical properties. In vitro studies using a wide variety of surface parameters and cell lines make it difficult to address the influence of a single parameter. With this study the influence of surface topography and energy on different(More)
Electrospun grafts have been widely investigated for vascular graft replacement due to their ease and compatibility with many natural and synthetic polymers. Here, the effect of the processing parameters on the scaffold's architecture and subsequent reactions of partially heparinized blood triggered by contacting these topographies were studied. Degrapol®(More)
OBJECTIVE The first objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of the hydrophilicity on the early phases of osseointegration. The second objective was to compare two hydrophilic implant surfaces with different geometries, surface roughness, and technologies achieving hydrophilicity. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twelve weeks after extraction, all(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of local cancellous bone amelioration by a 70:30 poly-(L-lactide-co-D,L-Lacide) copolymer with two different implant designs on primary stability and after 4 and 12 weeks of healing time. MATERIAL AND METHODS In six sheep, n = 36 implants (TH) with a conditioned, sandblasted,(More)
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