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The complete genome sequence of Enterococcus faecalis V583, a vancomycin-resistant clinical isolate, revealed that more than a quarter of the genome consists of probable mobile or foreign DNA. One of the predicted mobile elements is a previously unknown vanB vancomycin-resistance conjugative transposon. Three plasmids were identified, including two(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (phosphoglucose isomerase [PGI]) (EC 5.3.1.9) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus was purified 500-fold to homogeneity. The enzyme had an apparent molecular mass of 43 kDa and was composed of a single type of subunit of 23 kDa indicating a homodimeric (alpha(2)) structure. Kinetic constants of the enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND Amplified DNA probes provide powerful tools for the detection of infectious diseases, cancer, and genetic diseases. Commercially available amplification systems suffer from low throughput and require decontamination schemes, significant hands-on time, and specially trained laboratory staff. Our objective was to develop a DNA probe system to(More)
Controlling chirality in growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) is important for exploiting their practical applications. For long it has been conceptually conceived that the structural control of SWNTs is potentially achievable by fabricating nanoparticle catalysts with proper structures on crystalline substrates via epitaxial growth techniques.(More)
Low-temperature fuel cells are limited by the oxygen reduction reaction, and their widespread implementation in automotive vehicles is hindered by the cost of platinum, currently the best-known catalyst for reducing oxygen in terms of both activity and stability. One solution is to decrease the amount of platinum required, for example by alloying, but(More)
Magnetite (Fe3O4) is an important magnetic mineral to Earth scientists, as it carries the dominant magnetic signature in rocks, and the understanding of its magnetic recording fidelity provides a critical tool in the field of palaeomagnetism. However, reliable interpretation of the recording fidelity of Fe3O4 particles is greatly diminished over time by(More)
Concerns about increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations and global warming have initiated studies on the consequences of multiple-stressor interactions on marine organisms and ecosystems. We present a fully-crossed factorial mesocosm study and assess how warming and acidification affect the abundance, body size, and fatty acid composition of copepods as a(More)
— During minimal invasive telesurgery with surgical robots, surgeons rely on their vision to determine the forces applied to tissue. A force-feedback control system has been developed, in order to reduce the unnecessary forces applied by the surgeon. To avoid adding any additional hardware, the forces in the system have been estimated on the basis of the(More)