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Mouse NK cells express at least seven inhibitory Ly49 receptors. Here we employ a semiquantitative cell-cell adhesion assay as well as class I/peptide tetramers to provide a comprehensive analysis of specificities of Ly49 receptors for class I MHC molecules in eight MHC haplotypes. Different Ly49 receptors exhibited diverse binding properties. The degree of(More)
Engagement of MHC class I-specific inhibitory receptors regulates natural killer (NK) cell development and function. Using both new and previously characterized anti-Ly49 monoclonal antibodies, we comprehensively determined expression and co-expression frequencies of four Ly49 receptors by NK cells from MHC-congenic, MHC class I-deficient, and(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (T reg cells) play a key role in controlling autoimmunity and inflammation. Therefore, therapeutic agents that are capable of elevating numbers or increasing effector functions of this T cell subset are highly desirable. In a previous report we showed that a superagonistic monoclonal antibody specific for rat CD28 (JJ316)(More)
Viral infections are often accompanied by extensive proliferation of reactive CD8 T cells. After a defined number of divisions, normal somatic cells enter a nonreplicative stage termed senescence. In the present study we have identified the inhibitory killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1) as a unique marker for replicative senescence of murine CD8 T(More)
1-2% of adult mouse thymocytes express the T cell receptor alpha/beta (TCR-alpha/beta) together with the interleukin (IL) 2R beta (p70), but not the alpha (p 55) chain. We show that the previously described alpha/beta-TCR +CD4-8- and the partially overlapping Ly6C+ thymocytes are contained within this subset. Most IL-2R beta+ alpha/beta-TCR+ cells have a(More)
There is accumulating evidence that CD8-positive (CD8+) T-cells and MHC-I expression may also play a role in neurodegeneration associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigated the role of MHC-I and CD8+ T-cells by studying experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in beta-2 microglobulin knockout mice induced by myelin oligodendrocyte(More)
Full activation of naive T cells requires both engagement of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR; signal 1) and costimulatory signaling by CD28 (signal 2). We previously identified two types of rat CD28-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs): "conventional," TCR signaling-dependent costimulatory mAbs and "superagonistic" mAbs capable of inducing the full(More)
Sign language and Web 2.0 applications are currently incompatible, because of the lack of anonymisation and easy editing of online sign language contributions. This paper describes Dicta-Sign, a project aimed at developing the technologies required for making sign language-based Web contributions possible, by providing an integrated framework for sign(More)