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Mouse NK cells express at least seven inhibitory Ly49 receptors. Here we employ a semiquantitative cell-cell adhesion assay as well as class I/peptide tetramers to provide a comprehensive analysis of specificities of Ly49 receptors for class I MHC molecules in eight MHC haplotypes. Different Ly49 receptors exhibited diverse binding properties. The degree of(More)
Engagement of MHC class I-specific inhibitory receptors regulates natural killer (NK) cell development and function. Using both new and previously characterized anti-Ly49 monoclonal antibodies, we comprehensively determined expression and co-expression frequencies of four Ly49 receptors by NK cells from MHC-congenic, MHC class I-deficient, and(More)
CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (T reg cells) play a key role in controlling autoimmunity and inflammation. Therefore, therapeutic agents that are capable of elevating numbers or increasing effector functions of this T cell subset are highly desirable. In a previous report we showed that a superagonistic monoclonal antibody specific for rat CD28 (JJ316)(More)
Viral infections are often accompanied by extensive proliferation of reactive CD8 T cells. After a defined number of divisions, normal somatic cells enter a nonreplicative stage termed senescence. In the present study we have identified the inhibitory killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1) as a unique marker for replicative senescence of murine CD8 T(More)
Full activation of naive T cells requires both engagement of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR; signal 1) and costimulatory signaling by CD28 (signal 2). We previously identified two types of rat CD28-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs): "conventional," TCR signaling-dependent costimulatory mAbs and "superagonistic" mAbs capable of inducing the full(More)
1-2% of adult mouse thymocytes express the T cell receptor alpha/beta (TCR-alpha/beta) together with the interleukin (IL) 2R beta (p70), but not the alpha (p 55) chain. We show that the previously described alpha/beta-TCR +CD4-8- and the partially overlapping Ly6C+ thymocytes are contained within this subset. Most IL-2R beta+ alpha/beta-TCR+ cells have a(More)
The killer cell lectin-like receptor G1 (KLRG1) is expressed by NK cells and by T cells. In both humans and mice, KLRG1 identifies Ag-experienced T cells that are impaired in their proliferative capacity but are capable of performing effector functions. In this study, we identified E-cadherin as a ligand for murine KLRG1 by using fluorescently labeled,(More)
There is accumulating evidence that CD8-positive (CD8+) T-cells and MHC-I expression may also play a role in neurodegeneration associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigated the role of MHC-I and CD8+ T-cells by studying experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in beta-2 microglobulin knockout mice induced by myelin oligodendrocyte(More)