Learn More
Controlling the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) and providing tissue functions in engineered constructs before implantation are major challenges. Beside the additives in culture media, the artificial niches inside a scaffold can serve this purpose. To prepare niches favoring the osteoblastic differentiation of hMSCs, components of the(More)
Studies in developmental and cell biology have established the fact that responses of cells are influenced to a large degree by morphology and composition of the extracellular matrix. Goal of this work is to use this basic principle to improve the biological acceptance of implants by modifying the surfaces with components of the extracellular matrix (ECM),(More)
The Porifera (sponges) are often regarded as the oldest, extant metazoan phylum, also bearing the ancestral stage for most features occurring in higher animals. The absence of chitin in sponges, except for the wall of peculiar resistance bodies produced by a highly derived fresh-water group, is puzzling, since it points out chitin to be an autapomorphy for(More)
Responses of osteoblastic cells are influenced by morphology and composition of the extracellular matrix, and this fact has been used to improve the biological acceptance of implants by modifying the surfaces with components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, the effect of the collagen types I and III on adhesion, proliferation, and(More)
The ultrastructure of isolated fibrils of Chondrosia reniformis sponge collagen was investigated by collecting characteristic data, such as fibril thickness, width, D-band periodicity, and height modulation, using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Therefore an adapted pre-processing of the insoluble collagen into(More)
Control over crystal growth by acidic matrix macromolecules is an important process in the formation of many mineralized tissues. Highly acidic macromolecules are postulated intermediates in tissue mineralization, because they sequester many calcium ions and occur in high concentrations at mineralizing foci in distantly related organisms. A prerequisite for(More)
Sponges (Porifera) are presently gaining increased scientific attention because of their secondary metabolites and specific skeleton structures. In contrast to demosponges, whose skeletons are formed from biopolymer spongin, glass sponges (hexactinellids) possess silica-organic composites as the main natural material for their skeletal fibres. Chitin has a(More)
Textile chitosan fiber scaffolds were developed and tested in terms of biocompatibility for human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs). A part of the scaffolds was further modified by coating with fibrillar collagen type I in order to biologize the surface. hBMSCs of two donors were used for cell culture experiments in vitro. Confocal laser scanning(More)