Thomas Hachenberg

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UNLABELLED Mechanical ventilation (MV) may induce an inflammatory alveolar response. One-lung ventilation (OLV) with tidal volumes (Vt) as used during two-lung ventilation is a suggested algorithm but may impose mechanical stress of the dependent lung and potentially aggravate alveolar mediator release. We studied whether ventilation with different Vt(More)
BACKGROUND One-lung ventilation (OLV) induces a pro-inflammatory response including cytokine release and leucocyte recruitment in the ventilated lung. Whether volatile or i.v. anaesthetics differentially modulate the alveolar inflammatory response to OLV is unclear. METHODS Thirty patients, ASA II or III, undergoing open thoracic surgery were randomized(More)
BACKGROUND P-Glycoprotein is an efflux pump in many epithelial cells with excretory function. It has been demonstrated that rifampin (INN, rifampicin) induces P-glycoprotein, particularly in the gut wall. We therefore hypothesized that rifampin affects pharmacokinetics of the P-glycoprotein substrate talinolol, a beta1-blocker without appreciable metabolic(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of 2 established anesthetic techniques: total intravenous anesthesia and balanced inhalation anesthesia (BAL) on the perioperative-induced changes of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), changes in lymphocyte subsets, and the balance of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND One-lung ventilation (OLV) results in alveolar proinflammatory effects, whereas their extent may depend on administration of anesthetic drugs. The current study evaluates the effects of different volatile anesthetics compared with an intravenous anesthetic and the relationship between pulmonary and systemic inflammation in patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND Sometimes a high intrapulmonary shunt occurs after cardiac surgery, and impairment of lung function and oxygenation can persist for 1 week after operation. Animal studies have shown that postoperative shunt can be explained by atelectasis. In this study the authors tried to determine if atelectasis can explain shunt in patients who have had(More)
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) remains the standard procedure for primary and secondary prevention of stroke. Somato-sensory evoked potentials (SEP) are frequently used in carotid endarterectomy under general anaesthesia and recommended for monitoring cerebral functions. The aim of the study was to compare changes in SEP and serum(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of muscle relaxation on the intra-operative neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery is unclear. METHODS In a prospective study involving 200 patients undergoing elective thyroid surgery, the influence of muscle relaxation on neuromonitoring of the recurrent laryngeal nerve was investigated. The(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review presents a brief overview of the non-analgetic effects of thoracic epidural anaesthesia. It covers the cardiac, pulmonary and gastrointestinal effects of thoracic epidural anaesthesia. The results of newer studies are of particular importance regarding mortality and major morbidity after thoracic epidural anaesthesia. RECENT(More)
Inadequate analgesia or anxiety may induce an increased stress response in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under regional anesthesia (RA). Central alpha2 adrenoceptor agonists have significant sedative and analgesic properties, which may attenuate sympathoadrenal activation during CEA and improve the quality of RA. We randomly assigned 80(More)