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PURPOSE Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture has been historically associated with high operative mortality rates. In this community-based, cross-sectional study, we examined factors influencing outcome after operations performed for ruptured AAA (rAAA). METHODS An analysis of a state database identified 3820 patients who underwent AAA repair between(More)
From 1982 to 1986, nine patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma primarily involving the pancreas were managed at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. This group of nine patients represents 2.2% of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (nine of 402) and 4.9% of all patients presenting with pancreatic malignancies (nine of 182) at the Johns Hopkins Medical(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to test the hypothesis that detection of the location of the major artery supplying the spinal cord, that is, the artery of Adamkiewicz or the great radicular artery (GRA), with angiography would help prevent paraplegia. Knowing which intercostal artery provides this important branch would enable prompt, focused(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a recently discovered polypeptide found in neurons throughout the gastrointestinal tract and in especially high concentrations in the biliary tree. This study was designed to test the functional significance of these high concentrations in the biliary tree by determining the effect of intravenous NPY on sphincter of Oddi and(More)
We performed an initial screen of 11 rat strains by use of a standard balloon injury to the left iliac artery to observe whether genetically determined differences existed in the development of neointimal hyperplasia. Neointimal hyperplasia was assayed 8 weeks after the vascular injury on coded microscopic sections. Statistically significant differences in(More)
Aneurysms that extend from the descending thoracic aorta into the abdomen and also those that involve the visceral segments of the upper abdominal aorta are traditionally classified as thoracoabdominal. Besides the surgical exposure difficulties associated with repair of these aneurysms, the temporary interruption of renal, splanchnic, and perhaps even(More)
Although the left flank retroperitoneal incision is a useful approach for many patients undergoing major aortic reconstruction for aneurysmal and occlusive disease, it has been associated with weakening of the flank muscles, resulting in bulges varying from slight asymmetry to huge hernias. The purpose of this study was to determine if the incidence of this(More)
Gastric distention is known to stimulate gallbladder contraction as well as gastric acid and pancreatic exocrine secretion by way of neural reflexes. Gallbladder distention, in turn, has been shown to affect sphincter of Oddi motility. Since gastric distention may accompany endoscopic or operative biliary manometry, we tested the hypothesis that gastric(More)
The long-term follow up of 128 colorectal cancer patients is reported. Seventy-nine percent (101/128) of the patients had curative resections: 70 patients had radical lymphadenectomies with wide removal of tumor-adjacent nodes, and 31 patients had standard resections. The 5-year overall survival rates for Dukes' stage B and C patients and for all(More)
Recent evidence suggests that cholesterol (Ch) solubility in bile is determined by a complex interaction of mixed micelles and lecithin-cholesterol vesicles. Bilirubin monoglucuronide (BMG), which binds to bile salts and incorporates into mixed micelles, may displace cholesterol from micelles into vesicles, thus favoring cholesterol monohydrate crystal(More)