Thomas H Stainsby

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The decay of forward masking was investigated for three subjects with moderate sensorineural hearing loss. For such subjects, compression on the basilar membrane (BM) is thought to be largely absent, enabling one to determine the decay of masking without the influence of compression. Temporal masking curves (TMCs), plots of the masker level at threshold(More)
The identification of nonsense syllables in quiet and in three types of background (babble, cafeteria and single female speaker) was measured using four hearing aid compression algorithms differing in attack and release time constants, and using linear amplification. The speech level was always 65 dB SPL. The compression algorithms, which were implemented(More)
The influence of temporal cues on sequential stream segregation was investigated using five elderly hearing-impaired listeners. In experiment 1, an alternating pattern of A and B tones was used. Each tone was a harmonic complex with a 100-Hz fundamental, with one of three passbands (1250-2500, 1768-3636, or 2500-5000 Hz) and one of three component-phase(More)
Transposition of acoustic information from higher to lower frequencies may help people with severe or profound high-frequency hearing loss, especially when a 'dead region' is present. Previously, we (Robinson et al, 2007 ) evaluated the benefit of an FFT-based transposition algorithm in a laboratory study. Although results were promising, we hypothesized(More)
The effect of apparent spatial location on sequential streaming was investigated by manipulating interaural time differences (ITDs). The degree of obligatory stream segregation was inferred indirectly from the threshold for detecting a rhythmic irregularity in an otherwise isochronous sequence of interleaved "A" and "B" tones. Stimuli were bandpass-filtered(More)
Roberts et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112, 2074-2085 (2002)] demonstrated that sequential stream segregation occurs with stimuli that differ only in phase spectrum. We investigated if this was partly due to differences in effective excitation level. Stimuli were harmonic complexes with a 100 Hz fundamental, 1250-2500 Hz passband, and cosine, alternating, or(More)
Growth-of-masking (GOM) functions in forward masking (0-ms masker-signal delay) were measured for normally hearing (NH) and hearing-impaired (HI) listeners using as maskers complex tones (harmonics 1-40, 100-Hz fundamental frequency) with components starting in cosine or random phase, and on-frequency sinusoids. The signal was a 20-ms sinusoid, usually with(More)
For normally hearing subjects, harmonic complex tones that give "peaky" waveforms on the basilar membrane (Schroeder-positive phase, sine phase or cosine phase) lead to less forward masking than complex tones that give less peaky waveforms (Schroeder-negative phase or random phase), but have the same power spectrum. This difference has been attributed(More)
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