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Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is markedly overexpressed in Alzheimer's disease. We found the IL-1A 2,2 genotype in 12.9% of 232 neuropathologically confirmed Alzheimer's disease patients and 6.6% of 167 controls from four centers in the United Kingdom and United States (odds ratio, 3.0; controlled for age and for ApoE [apolipoprotein E] genotype). Homozygosity for(More)
The authors report the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with a short duration of a painful ophthalmoparesis. Initial magnetic resonance imaging revealed an extraaxial petroclival mass characteristic of an epidermoid cyst, with the exception of a contiguous contrast-enhancing lobule. A subtotal resection was performed with the histopathological(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prognostic value of multimodal evoked potentials (EPs) and event-related (ERPs) potentials in coma (Glasgow Coma Score <8), after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN Prospective, longitudinal study of neurophysiological responses recorded during traumatic coma. SETTING Intensive Care Unit, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol,(More)
A teased fibre and electron-microscopical study was carried out on the sciatic nerves of mice affected with the peripheral neuropathy in dystonia musculorum. Widespread segmental demyelination was present in all the nerves. Focal axon swellings were also seen, but were relatively scarce and similar in appearance to post-traumatic reactive swellings. The(More)
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and its severity is therefore a major determinant of outcome. There have been suggestions that the extent of DAI may be reflected in quantitative measures of cerebral function, including the electroencephalogram (EEG) and brain-stem auditory(More)
Frozen samples from 92 malignant astrocytomas were stained with a panel of monoclonal antibodies directed against macrophages and lymphocytes. A follow-up to death was available on 68 cases which form the basis of this study. Large numbers of macrophages were found in all cases; T lymphocytes, mostly of the CD8 phenotype were also seen in moderate numbers(More)
Following unilateral sciatic nerve crush in mice, changes in the neurofilament content of neuronal perikarya were studied, using a monoclonal antibody to neurofilament protein (RT97). In the spinal cord, anterior horn motor neurones, normally unstained, showed a positive staining reaction with immunoperoxidase on the operated side. This reaction was short(More)
Astroblastoma is a rare type of glial tumor, usually occurring in older children and young adults. It has a distinctive histological appearance that is characterized by a radiating arrangement of tumor cells that form perivascular pseudorosettes. The authors report only the second case of astroblastoma presenting in congenital form. Following subtotal tumor(More)
Several hereditary small vessel diseases (SVDs) of the brain have been reported in recent years. In 1977, Sourander and Wålinder described hereditary multi-infarct dementia (MID) in a Swedish family. In the same year, Stevens and colleagues reported chronic familial vascular encephalopathy in an English family bearing a similar phenotype. These disorders(More)
Surgical biopsy material from four cases of symptomatic fourth ventricle subependymoma, all with typical light microscopic features, was studied by electron microscopy. The ultrastructural appearance of each case was similar, with small groups of tumour cell perikarya widely separated by a meshwork of cell processes containing glial filaments. Large cells(More)