Thomas H. Kerr

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BACKGROUND Results of cohort studies and mathematical models have suggested that increased coverage with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) could reduce HIV transmission. We aimed to estimate the association between plasma HIV-1 viral load, HAART coverage, and number of new cases of HIV in the population of a Canadian province. METHODS We(More)
Continuing expansion of the HIV/AIDS pandemic has been recognised as an exceptional challenge to global health, international development, and world security. UNAIDS estimates that there were more than 38 million people living with HIV at the end of 2005, with just over 4 million new infections that year. While most new cases continue to emerge from(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relation between plasma HIV-1 RNA concentrations in the community and HIV incidence among injecting drug users. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Inner city community in Vancouver, Canada. PARTICIPANTS Injecting drug users, with and without HIV, followed up every six months between 1 May 1996 and 30 June 2007. MAIN(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence and structural correlates of gender based violence against female sex workers in an environment of criminalised prostitution. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Vancouver, Canada during 2006-8. PARTICIPANTS Female sex workers 14 years of age or older (inclusive of transgender women) who used illicit(More)
AIMS Despite proven benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART), many human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected injection drug users (IDU) do not access treatment even in settings with free health care. We examined whether methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) increased initiation and adherence to ART among an IDU population with free health care. DESIGN We(More)
Despite the availability of effective therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, there are little data on the uptake of treatment. We evaluated factors associated with HCV infection and the uptake of HCV treatment in a large community-based inner city cohort in Vancouver, Canada. The Community Health and Safety Evaluation is a cohort study of inner city(More)
High rates of violence among street-level sex workers have been described across the globe, while in cities across Canada the disappearance and victimization of drug-using women in survival sex work is ongoing. Given the pervasive levels of violence faced by sex workers over the last decades, and extensive harm reduction and HIV prevention efforts operating(More)
Safer injection facilities provide medical supervision for illicit drug injections. We aimed to examine factors associated with syringe sharing in a community-recruited cohort of illicit injection drug users in a setting where such a facility had recently opened. Between Dec 1, 2003, and June 1, 2004, of 431 active injection drug users 49 (11.4%, 95% CI(More)
BACKGROUND In several European countries safer injecting rooms have reduced the public disorder and health-related problems of injection drug use. We explored factors associated with needle-sharing practices that could potentially be alleviated by the availability of safer injecting rooms in Canada. METHODS The Vancouver Injection Drug User Study is a(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent use of emergency rooms by injection drug users (IDUs) has been attributed to a lack of access to primary care and barriers to health services. Using a community-based sample of IDUs, we examined rates of primary care and emergency room use among IDUs and identified correlates of frequent emergency department use. METHODS From January(More)