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Hydrologic monitoring was conducted in two first-order lower coastal plain watersheds in South Carolina, United States, a region with increasing growth and land use change. Storm events over a three-year period were analyzed for direct runoff coefficients (ROC) and the total storm response (TSR) as percent rainfall. ROC calculations utilized an empirical(More)
Block polymers (BPs) derived from biomass (biobased) are necessary components of a sustainable future that relies minimally on petroleum-based plastics for applications ranging from thermoplastic elastomers and pressure-sensitive adhesives to blend compatibilizers. To facilitate their adoption, renewable BPs must be affordable, durable, processable,(More)
Solvent vapor annealing (SVA) with solvent mixtures is a promising approach for controlling block copolymer thin film self-assembly. In this work, we present the design and fabrication of a solvent-resistant microfluidic mixing device to produce discrete SVA gradients in solvent composition and/or total solvent concentration. Using this device, we(More)
Stimuli-responsive polymeric materials is one of the fastest growing fields of the 21st century, with the annual number of papers published more than quadrupling in the last ten years. The responsiveness of polymer solution assemblies and surfaces to biological stimuli (e.g. pH, reduction-oxidation, enzymes, glucose) and externally applied triggers (e.g.(More)
Dramatic developments in the burgeoning field of polymer science are enabling new materials designs, synthetic methods, functional architectures, and applications. Today’s polymers are finding utility in broad areas, ranging from everyday commodity plastics to emerging, specialized, and high-tech materials. Moreover, it is apparent that the continued(More)
N-Heterocyclic carbene (NHC)-mediated ring-opening polymerization of N-decylN-carboxylanhydride monomer (De-NCA) has been shown to occur in a controlled manner, yielding cyclic poly(N-decyl-glycine)s (c-PNDGs) with polymer molecular weights (MW) between 4.8 and 31 kg·mol(-1) and narrow molecular weight distributions (PDI < 1.15). The reaction exhibits(More)
Block copolymers are well-known to self-assemble into a range of 3-dimensional morphologies. However, due to their nanoscale dimensions, resolving their exact structure can be a challenge. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a powerful technique for achieving this, but for polymeric assemblies chemical fixing/staining techniques are usually required(More)
Nanoscale self-assembly of block copolymer thin films has garnered significant research interest for nanotemplate design and membrane applications. To fulfill these roles, control of thin film morphology and orientation is critical. Solvent vapor annealing (SVA) treatments can be used to kinetically trap morphologies in thin films not achievable by(More)
A gradient combinatorial approach was used to examine the effect of substrate surface energy on the morphology and stability of films of a poly(isoprene-b-styrene-b-ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer that exhibits an alternating gyroid morphology in the bulk. Atomic force microscopy data across our surface energy (water contact angle) library suggest a(More)
Controllable release is particularly important for the delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA), as siRNAs have a high susceptibility to enzymatic degradation if release is premature, yet lack silencing activity if they remain inaccessible within the cytoplasm. To overcome these hurdles, novel and tailorable mPEG-b-poly(5-(3-(amino)propoxy)-2-nitrobenzyl(More)