Thomas Griffin

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BACKGROUND Abiraterone acetate, an androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, improves overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after chemotherapy. We evaluated this agent in patients who had not received previous chemotherapy. METHODS In this double-blind study, we randomly assigned 1088 patients to receive abiraterone(More)
The recent spread of highly pathogenic strains of avian influenza has highlighted the threat posed by pandemic influenza. In the early phases of a pandemic, the only treatment available would be neuraminidase inhibitors, which many countries are considering stockpiling for pandemic use. We estimate the effect on hospitalization rates of using different(More)
PURPOSE Capecitabine is a novel, oral, selectively tumor-activated fluoropyrimidine carbamate. This large multicenter phase II trial tested the efficacy and safety of twice-daily oral capecitabine at 2,510 mg/m2/d given for 2 weeks followed by a 1-week rest period and repeated in 3-week cycles, in patients with paclitaxel-refractory metastatic breast(More)
BACKGROUND Abiraterone acetate plus prednisone significantly improved radiographic progression-free survival compared with placebo plus prednisone in men with chemotherapy-naive castration-resistant prostate cancer at the interim analyses of the COU-AA-302 trial. Here, we present the prespecified final analysis of the trial, assessing the effect of(More)
PURPOSE Capecitabine is an orally administered fluoropyrimidine carbamate selectively activated to fluorouracil (5-FU) in tumors. It passes through the intestinal mucosal membrane intact and is subsequently activated by a cascade of three enzymes that results in the preferential release of 5-FU at the tumor site. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this phase I(More)
Twenty-two adult patients with recurrent high grade astrocytomas [18 glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and 4 anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) at time of implant] underwent therapy at the University of Washington from October 1991 through March 1995, with repeat craniotomy, maximal debulking of tumor, and placement of permanent low activity 125I seeds. Median age was(More)
Fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) has been shown to bind selectively to hypoxic cells in vitro and in vivo at radiobiologically significant oxygen levels. When labeled with the positron emitter fluorine-18 (F-18), its uptake in tissue can be detected quantitatively with high precision by positron emission transaxial tomography (PETT). This paper presents the first(More)
BACKGROUND Abiraterone acetate (an androgen biosynthesis inhibitor) plus prednisone is approved for treating patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Study COU-AA-302 evaluated abiraterone acetate plus prednisone versus prednisone alone in mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic patients with progressive mCRPC without prior(More)
Src family tyrosine kinases (SFK) regulate cell proliferation, and increased SFK activity is common in human carcinomas, including cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and its precursors. The elevated SFK activity in cutaneous SCCs was modeled using K14-Fyn Y528F transgenic mice, which spontaneously form punctate keratotic lesions, scaly plaques, and(More)
PURPOSE Ultrasound-guided interstitial implantation of radioactive seeds is a common treatment for early stage prostate cancer. One of the risks associated with this therapy is seed embolization to the lung. This paper reports on the incidence and possible adverse effects of seed migration. METHODS AND MATERIALS Two hundred ninety consecutive patients(More)