Thomas Gremmel

Learn More
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common co-morbidity of patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease, and may influence the response to antiplatelet therapy. We, therefore, sought to investigate its effect on platelet activation and on-treatment residual platelet reactivity. METHODS We assessed platelet activation and the response to(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with high on-treatment residual adenosine diphosphate-inducible platelet reactivity (HRPR) despite clopidogrel therapy are at an increased risk for adverse events after coronary stenting. A higher maintenance dose of clopidogrel may increase the inhibitory response in these patients. METHODS We randomly assigned 46 patients with HRPR(More)
Data linking the response to antiplatelet therapy with clinical outcomes after angioplasty and stenting for lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) are scarce. Moreover, associations of in vivo and thrombin-inducible platelet activation with the occurrence of adverse events have not been investigated in these patients, so far. We therefore assessed clinical(More)
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are metabolized by the cytochrome P450 enzyme system to a variable degree and may therefore interact with the metabolism of clopidogrel to its active form. The conflicting data on this potential interaction may be due to the use of different PPIs and platelet function tests in recent studies. We therefore evaluated the(More)
A high on-treatment residual ADP-inducible platelet reactivity in light transmission aggregometry (LTA) has been associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, LTA is weakly standardized, and results obtained in one laboratory may not be comparable to those obtained in another one. We therefore(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate differences of platelet activation and on-treatment residual platelet reactivity between female and male patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. METHODS We compared P-selectin expression, activated glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa and leukocyte-platelet aggregates (LPA) by flow cytometry between 110 female and 206 male(More)
BACKGROUND High on-treatment residual platelet reactivity is associated with an increased risk of adverse events after coronary stenting. Recent data suggest that cigarette smoking might enhance clopidogrel-mediated platelet inhibition. We therefore sought to investigate the influence of cigarette smoking on clopidogrel- and aspirin-mediated platelet(More)
BACKGROUND Abundant thrombin generation may be a major reason for subsequent thromboembolic events in patients with cardiovascular disease receiving dual antiplatelet therapy. We therefore investigated the susceptibility of thienopyridine responders and nonresponders to thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-6- and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-inducible(More)
Platelet activation and thrombin generation are crucial steps in primary and secondary haemostasis. However, both also play major roles in intravascular thrombus formation and therefore in the development of adverse cardiovascular events. In the current study, we first sought to investigate the associations of the platelet biomarkers platelet factor (PF)-4,(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of clopidogrel-mediated platelet inhibition varies considerably from one person to the next. Numerous studies have shown that low responders have significantly more adverse events after coronary stenting than patients who respond well to antithrombotic treatment with clopidogrel. Dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) inhibit(More)