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A high on-treatment residual ADP-inducible platelet reactivity in light transmission aggregometry (LTA) has been associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, LTA is weakly standardized, and results obtained in one laboratory may not be comparable to those obtained in another one. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common co-morbidity of patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease, and may influence the response to antiplatelet therapy. We, therefore, sought to investigate its effect on platelet activation and on-treatment residual platelet reactivity. METHODS We assessed platelet activation and the response to(More)
BACKGROUND Abundant thrombin generation may be a major reason for subsequent thromboembolic events in patients with cardiovascular disease receiving dual antiplatelet therapy. We therefore investigated the susceptibility of thienopyridine responders and nonresponders to thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-6- and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-inducible(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of clopidogrel-mediated platelet inhibition varies considerably from one person to the next. Numerous studies have shown that low responders have significantly more adverse events after coronary stenting than patients who respond well to antithrombotic treatment with clopidogrel. Dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers (CCBs) inhibit(More)
BACKGROUND Until recently, there were hardly any data on the antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel in advanced age. Like other metabolic processes, the conversion of clopidogrel to its active metabolite may be impaired in older patients, leading to high on-treatment residual ADP-inducible platelet reactivity. OBJECTIVE To investigate the age dependency of(More)
Data on the agreement between aggregometry and platelet activation by flow cytometry regarding the measurement of on-treatment platelet reactivity to arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) are scarce. We therefore sought to compare three platelet aggregation tests with flow cytometry for the assessment of the response to antiplatelet therapy.(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating monocyte-platelet aggregates (MPA) are a sensitive marker of in vivo platelet activation and patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease exhibit higher levels of MPA. Clopidogrel has been shown to reduce MPA formation in these patients to a greater extent than aspirin. However, response to clopidogrel and aspirin shows a wide(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary amyloidosis with predominant renal disease can be caused by mutations in the gene encoding the fibrinogen Aα-chain (AFib). Here, we describe the clinical course of AFib amyloidosis associated with the rare R554L mutation, and the significance of extrarenal amyloid deposits and their possible influence on cardiovascular morbidity. (More)
BACKGROUND High on-treatment residual platelet reactivity is associated with an increased risk of adverse events after coronary stenting. Recent data suggest that cigarette smoking might enhance clopidogrel-mediated platelet inhibition. We therefore sought to investigate the influence of cigarette smoking on clopidogrel- and aspirin-mediated platelet(More)
Adenosine 5′-diphosphate (ADP) inducible aggregation is used to assess platelet response to thienopyridines. Thrombin receptor-activating peptide-6 (TRAP-6) inducible aggregation may serve as a positive control because it acts via the thrombin receptor protease-activating receptor-1, which is not blocked by thienopyridines. We therefore investigated if(More)