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A highly regular mesh of hexagonal boron nitride with a 3-nanometer periodicity and a 2-nanometer hole size was formed by self-assembly on a Rh(111) single crystalline surface. Two layers of mesh cover the surface uniformly after high-temperature exposure of the clean rhodium surface to borazine (HBNH)3. The two layers are offset in such a way as to expose(More)
The enantioselectivity of gold is investigated by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and density functional theory (DFT). Cysteine molecules on a chiral Au(17 11 9);{S} surface show enantiospecific core level binding energies in the amino and in the thiol group. The sign and order of magnitude of the XPS core level shifts is reproduced by DFT. Identical(More)
The trapping of single molecules on surfaces without the formation of strong covalent bonds is a prerequisite for molecular recognition and the exploitation of molecular function. On nanopatterned surfaces, molecules may be selectively trapped and addressed. In a boron nitride nanomesh formed on Rh(111), the pattern consisted of holes 2 nanometers in(More)
The structure of a single layer of graphene on Ru(0001) has been studied using surface x-ray diffraction. A surprising superstructure containing 1250 carbon atoms has been determined, whereby 25 x 25 graphene unit cells lie on 23 x 23 unit cells of Ru. Each supercell contains 2 x 2 crystallographically inequivalent subcells caused by corrugation. Strong(More)
Two limiting factors for a new technology of graphene-based electronic devices are the difficulty of growing large areas of defect-free material and the integration of graphene with an atomically flat and insulating substrate material. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on metal surfaces, in particular on copper, may offer a solution to the first problem,(More)
Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanostructures were grown on Ru(0001), and are very similar to those previously reported on Rh(111). They show a highly regular 12 x 12 superstructure, comprising 2 nm wide apertures with a depth of about 0.1 nm. Valence band photoemission reveals two distinctly bonded h-BN species, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(More)
The structure of the commensurate (23x23) phase of graphene on Ru(0001) has been analyzed by quantitative low-energy electron diffraction (LEED)-I(V) analysis and density-functional theory calculations. The I(V) analysis uses Fourier components as fitting parameters to determine the vertical corrugation and the lateral relaxation of graphene and the top Ru(More)
The seminal work of Novoselov et al. has stimulated great interest in the controllable growth of epitaxial graphene monolayers. While initial research was focussed on the use of SiC wafers, the promise of transition metals as substrates has also been demonstrated and both approaches are scalable to large-area production. 12] The growth of graphene on(More)