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S100B, a calcium-binding protein produced by astroglial cells, mediates paracrine and autocrine effects on neurons and glial cells. It regulates the balance between proliferation and differentiation in neurons and glial cells by affecting protective and apoptotic mechanisms. Post-mortem studies have demonstrated a deficit in synapses and dendrites in brains(More)
With the computational power of modern smartphones constantly increasing, resource intensive applications are becoming feasible to an ever growing extent. In this paper, we report on a research project recently started. Its aim is to develop an application for smartphones that combines pedestrian and public transport navigation including the computation of(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, incurable, demyelinating disease that requires long-term treatment. Rates of non-adherence to prescribed therapy of up to 50% have been reported for chronic diseases. Strategies to improve treatment adherence are therefore of the utmost importance. This study will evaluate the effect of using electronic and paper(More)
BACKGROUND Due to the preventive nature of disease-modifying therapies for multiple sclerosis, treatment success particularly depends on adherence to therapeutic regimens and patients' perception of treatment efficacy. The latter is strongly influenced by the confidence in the involved health care professionals and the relationship to the treating(More)
We investigated the effects of zuclopenthixol on aggressive behaviour in patients with intellectual disabilities by randomly withdrawing it after a 6-week period of open treatment. Of the 49 patients responding to the treatment, 39 took part in a randomised withdrawal trial. The placebo subgroup (n=20) showed more aggressive behaviour as indicated by(More)
The efficacy of flupentixol and risperidone were compared in a randomized double-blind study in 153 chronic schizophrenic patients. Flupentixol showed to be not inferior to risperidone concerning schizophrenic negative symptoms at week 8, 16 and 24. Positive symptoms and general psychopathology improved comparably, too. There was a trend in favor of(More)
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