Thomas Gisler

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We use near-infrared dynamic multiple scattering of light [diffusing-wave spectroscopy (DWS)] to detect the activation of the somato-motor cortex in 11 right-handed volunteers performing a finger opposition task separately with their right and left hands. Temporal autocorrelation functions g(1)(r,tau) of the scattered light field are measured during 100-s(More)
We demonstrate a novel method for measuring the microrheology of soft viscoelastic media, based on cross correlating the thermal motion of pairs of embedded tracer particles. The method does not depend on the exact nature of the coupling between the tracers and the medium, and yields accurate rheological data for highly inhomogeneous materials. We(More)
We present a technique for the measurement of temporal field autocorrelation functions of multiply scattered light with subsecond acquisition time. The setup is based on the parallel detection and autocorrelation of intensity fluctuations from statistically equivalent but independent speckles using a fiber bundle, an array of avalanche photodiodes, and a(More)
We investigate the influence of a non-scattering layer on the temporal field autocorrelation function of multiple scattered light from a multilayer turbid medium such as the human head. Data from Monte Carlo simulations show very good agreement with the predictions of the correlation-diffusion equation with boundary conditions taking into account(More)
Emotional stimuli are preferentially processed compared to neutral ones. Measuring the magnetic resonance blood-oxygen level dependent (BOLD) response or EEG event-related potentials, this has also been demonstrated for emotional versus neutral words. However, it is currently unclear whether emotion effects in word processing can also be detected with other(More)
We develop a multiple particle tracking technique for making precise, localized measurements of the mechanical microenvironments of inhomogeneous materials. Using video microscopy, we simultaneously measure the Brownian dynamics of roughly one hundred fluorescent tracer particles embedded in a complex medium and interpret their motions in terms of local(More)
Activity of the human visual cortex, elicited by steady-state flickering at 8Hz, is non-invasively probed by multi-speckle diffusingwave spectroscopy (DWS). Parallel detection of the intensity fluctuations of statistically equivalent, but independent speckles allows to resolve stimulation-induced changes in the field autocorrelation of multiply scattered(More)
We study the unfolding of a parallel G-quadruplex from human telomeric DNA by mechanical stretching using steered molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. We find that the force curves and unfolding processes strongly depend on the pulling sites. With pulling sites located on the sugar-phosphate backbone, the force-extension curve shows a single peak and the(More)
Multispeckle diffusing-wave spectroscopy (DWS) is used to measure blood flow transients in the human visual cortex following stimulation by 7.5 Hz full-field and checkerboard flickering. The average decay time tau(d) characterizing the decay of the DWS autocorrelation function shows a biphasic behavior; within about 2 s after stimulation onset, tau(d)(More)