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In situ hybridization histochemistry is a useful method for localizing specific mRNA and studying the regulation of gene expression in an anatomical context. Previously, classical recombinant DNA and microbiological techniques have been required to identify and nick-translate the cloned DNAs necessary for in situ hybridization experiments. These(More)
Hormones may produce long-term effects on excitability by regulating K+ channel gene expression. Previous studies demonstrated that administration of dexamethasone, a glucocorticoid receptor agonist, to adrenalectomized rats, rapidly induces Kv1.5 K+ channel expression in the ventricle of the hear. Here, RNase protection assays and Northern blots are used(More)
A paradigm was developed for the chronic osmotic stimulation of homozygous diabetes insipidus rats of the Brattleboro strain, a strain that fails to synthesize vasopressin. This study examines the adaptation of 2 sets of coexisting peptide hormone magnocellular neurons in the hypothalamoneurohypophyseal system (HNS) of Long Evans (LE), Brattleboro(More)
Various tissues involved in producing luminescence in larval fireflies (Photuris versicolor) were examined for the presence of octopamine. These tissues included the terminal abdominal ganglion (A8) which innervates the paired lantern organs, the cell bodies of the photomotor neurons and the isolated larval lanterns. A previous study has identified the 4(More)
Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2 and mGluR3) are implicated in schizophrenia. We characterized mGluR2 and 3 mRNA in the human prefrontal cortex (PFC) and mesencephalon, and then compared cases with schizophrenia to matched controls. In the human brain, both receptors were expressed in the PFC and, unlike the rodent, in dopaminergic (DA)(More)
Polyadenylated messenger RNA was isolated from goldfish retinas at various times following unilateral crush of the optic nerve. RNA was translated in a cell-free system and product proteins analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and autofluorography. Poly(A)+ mRNA-directed protein synthesis revealed an 8-fold increase in the labeling of(More)
Synthetic oligonucleotide probes can be easily obtained and used, in contrast to cDNA cloning to develop probes, and thus the present study was carried out to determine whether such probes could also be useful for in situ hybridization. A 24-base synthetic oligonucleotide complementary to part of the alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) coding(More)
The present study examines the relative levels of vasopressin (AVP) mRNA within the paraventricular (PVN), supraoptic (SON), and suprachiasmatic (SCN) nuclei of the rat hypothalamus, and details the rates at which these levels change over the course of a 6 d salt-loading regimen. The quantitation of vasopressin mRNA was achieved by using three different(More)
Peptides derived from prodynorphin and provasopressin precursors coexist within neurosecretory vesicles of magnocellular neurons of the rat hypothalamus projecting to the posterior pituitary. The secretory activity of these neurons can be stimulated with physiological manipulations that elevate plasma levels of vasopressin (VP), such as dehydration and(More)
Peptides derived from pro-dynorphin and pro-vasopressin precursors coexist within neurosecretory vesicles of magnocellular neurons in the rat hypothalamus projecting to the posterior pituitary. The secretory activity of these neurons can be stimulated using physiological manipulations known to increase plasma vasopressin levels, such as dehydration and(More)