Thomas G. Pretlow

Learn More
An androgen receptor (AR) gene mutation identified in the androgen-dependent human prostate cancer xenograft, CWR22, changed codon 874 in the ligand-binding domain (exon H) from CAT for histidine to TAT for tyrosine and abolished a restriction site for the endonuclease SfaNI. SfaNI digestion of AR exon H DNA from normal but not from prostate cancer tissue(More)
A cell line has been derived from a human prostatic carcinoma xenograft, CWR22R. This represents one of very few available cell lines representative of this disease. The cell line is derived from a xenograft that was serially propagated in mice after castration-induced regression and relapse of the parental, androgen-dependent CWR22 xenograft. Flow(More)
Aberrant crypts are putative preneoplastic lesions that have been proposed as intermediate biomarkers for colon cancer. The goals of these studies were to determine (i) if the colon cancer chemopreventive agent, sodium phytate, when started 1 week after a single dose of carcinogen, has any effect on the development of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in treated(More)
For the study of micrometastases at their earliest stages, we transfected the lacZ gene, which codes for beta-D-galactosidase in Escherichia coli, into BALB/c 3T3 cells transformed by the Ha-ras oncogene (also known as HRAS1) of a human EJ bladder carcinoma. These cells were subsequently injected into 6-week-old, female athymic NCR-NU nude mice by several(More)
CWR22 has been a valuable xenograft model for the study of prostate cancer progression from an androgen-dependent tumor to one that grows in castrated animals. Herein, we report the identification and characterization of a novel androgen receptor (AR) mutation occurring in a relapsed tumor (CWR22R-2152) and in the CWR22Rv1 cell line established from it. The(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms underlying the progression of prostate cancer during hormonal therapy have remained poorly understood. In this study, we developed a new strategy for the identification of differentially expressed genes in hormone-refractory human prostate cancer by use of a combination of complementary DNA (cDNA) and tissue microarray(More)
Prostate carcinoma (PCA) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in American men. Our knowledge of PCA growth regulation lags behind that of other cancers, such as breast and colon carcinomas. Among receptor tyrosine kinases, the ErbB family is most frequently implicated in neoplasia. We report here the expression of ErbB family kinases and their ligands(More)
Etk/Bmx is the newest member of Btk tyrosine kinase family that contains a pleckstrin homology domain, an src homology 3 domain, an src homology 2 domain, and a catalytic domain. Unlike other members of the Btk family kinases, which are mostly hemopoietic cell-specific, Etk/Bmx is preferentially expressed in epithelial and endothelial cells. We first(More)
Most patients' prostate cancers respond to androgen deprivation but relapse after periods of several months to years. Only two prostate cancer xenografts, LNCaP and PC-346, have been reported to be responsive to androgen deprivation and to relapse subsequently. Both of these tumors shrink slightly, if at all, and relapse less than 5 weeks after androgen(More)
BACKGROUND Prostatic carcinoma is both the most common invasive cancer and the second most common cause of cancer deaths in men in the United States. Before 1991, attempts to propagate prostatic carcinoma from primary tumors for periods longer than 3 months were unsuccessful in vivo and in vitro with rare exceptions. In 1991, we reported establishment of(More)