Thomas G. O'Brien

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Elevated polyamine levels are characteristic of many types of neoplastic cells and tissues. We demonstrate that in transgenic mice overexpressing ornithine decarboxylase in skin, changes in tissue polyamine levels, particularly putrescine, control the development and maintenance of the neoplastic phenotype. A specific inhibitor of the transgene,(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase, a critical regulatory enzyme for polyamine biosynthesis, is highly inducible by growth-promoting stimuli in mouse epidermis but the enzyme level is only transiently elevated due to rapid turnover of the protein. Here we report that constitutive overexpression of the enzyme in the skin of transgenic mice causes several phenotypic(More)
In multistage tumorigenesis models, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) is usually dysregulated at some point during tumor promotion, an early stage of carcinogenesis. To address the question whether constitutive overexpression of ODC would be a sufficient condition for tumor promotion, mice with high levels of ODC expression targeted to epidermal keratinocytes(More)
The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) activates protein kinase C (PKC) and produces an early stimulation of Na+ transport across frog skin. The ionic basis for this stimulation was studied with combined transepithelial and intracellular electrical measurements. In an initial series of experiments, TPA approximately doubled the(More)
Previous studies have shown that keratin 6 (K6)-spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT) transgenic mice, which modestly over-express SSAT in the skin, are more sensitive to tumor induction by a two-stage tumorigenesis protocol using initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and promotion with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA).(More)
Most sporadic colon adenomas acquire mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli gene (APC) and show defects in APC-dependent signaling. APC influences the expression of several genes, including the c-myc oncogene and its antagonist Mad1. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the first enzyme in polyamine synthesis, is a transcriptional target of c-myc and a(More)
The tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) irreversibly dissipates the electrical potential difference (PD) across LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cell sheets in a dose-dependent manner. The promoter is equally effective when presented to either cell surface. TPA is also equally effective at dissipating the apical-negative PD or the heretofore(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), an important enzyme in the polyamine biosynthetic pathway, is aberrantly regulated in many epithelial tumors of rodents and humans. In murine skin, it has been shown that ODC overexpression provides a sufficient condition for tumor promotion. Therefore, we hypothesized that K6/ODC transgenic mice in which ODC overexpression(More)
The M-1 cell line is derived from the mouse cortical collecting duct and displays the low-conductance, highly Na(+)-selective channel activity of the alpha,beta, gamma-heterotrimeric epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). The short-circuit current (Isc) across M-1 monolayers was 89 +/- 4 microA/cm2, and the transepithelial conductance was 2.1 +/- 0.2 mS/cm2. Isc(More)
Mice that overexpress a mutated ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) transgene in outer root sheath keratinocytes of the hair follicle were used to study the role of this enzyme in regulating hair follicle structure and function. These transgenic mice have a normal first hair cycle, but lose their hair completely beginning 2-3 wk after birth. Transgene(More)