Thomas G. Minehan

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In the presence of indium metal, 3-iodo-2-[(trimethylsilyl)methyl]propene (1) reacts with sequentially added aldehydes to provide cis-2,6-disubstituted tetrahydropyrans in good yields. Evidence suggests that InI, formed upon aldehyde (R1CHO) allylation in aqueous media, acts as a promoter for the silyl-Prins reaction with the second equivalent of added(More)
Syntheses of the C-glycosyl flavone natural products aspalathin and nothofagin have been accomplished in eight steps from tribenzyl glucal, tribenzylphloroglucinol, and either 4-(benzyloxy)phenylacetylene or 3,4-bis(benzyloxy)phenylacetylene. The key step of the syntheses involves a highly stereoselective Lewis acid promoted coupling of(More)
The anti-peroxyl radical quality of two aqueous rooibos infusions and solutions of their most abundant glycosylated polyphenols was evaluated using pyrogallol red and fluorescein-based oxygen radical absorbance ratios. It was observed that the artificial infusions, prepared using only the most abundant polyphenols present in rooibos and at concentrations(More)
Alpha-alkoxy ketones 3 can be transformed into 1-alkynyl ethers 5 by a two-step procedure involving formation of the enol triflate or phosphate and base-induced elimination. Performing the same reaction sequence with allylic alcohols (R2OH, R2 = allyl) furnishes instead gamma,delta-unsaturated carboxylic acid derivatives 6, derived from [3,3]-sigmatropic(More)
[reaction: see text]. Upon treatment with n-BuLi at low temperatures, a variety of allyl 1,1-dichlorovinyl ethers 2 undergo rearrangement to furnish gamma,delta-unsaturated esters 3 after alcohol addition. Compounds containing quaternary centers (3e: R1 = H, R2, R3 = -(CH2)5-; 3f: R1 = H, R2 = CH3, R3 = (CH2)2CH(CH3)2) may be formed in high yield and under(More)
Sequential treatment of (ethoxyethynyl)lithium with aldehydes and/or ketones (2 and 4) and BF3·OEt2 gives rise to β-hydroxyenoates 5 in good to excellent overall yields. Similarly, the combination of 1 (M = Li) and dicarbonyl compounds 6 (X = O) or keto/aldehyde acetals (X = OMe) followed by the addition of a Lewis acid leads to five-, six-, and(More)
Indole-3-acetonitrile-4-methoxy-2-C-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), a novel C-glycoside from Isatis indigotica with important cytotoxic activity, has been prepared in ten steps from ethynyl-β-C-glycoside 3 and 2-iodo-3-nitrophenyl acetate 6. Key steps in the synthesis include a Sonogashira coupling and a CuI-mediated indole formation. NMR spectroscopic data for(More)
A series of N-monosubstituted and N,N'-disubstituted derivatives of the indolo[3,2-b]carbazole chromophore have been prepared, and their binding affinity for duplex DNA has been evaluated by ultraviolet and fluorescence spectroscopies. It has been found that indolo[3,2-b]carbazoles bearing basic N-alkyl substituents are intercalators that bind DNA with(More)
Electron-rich alkynes, such as ynamines, ynamides, and ynol ethers, are functional groups that possess significant potential in organic chemistry for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. While the synthetic utility of ynamides has recently been expanded considerably, 1-alkynyl ethers, which possess many of the reactivity features of ynamides, have(More)
Treatment of allyl-1,1-dichlorovinyl ethers with n-BuLi at -78 °C, followed by quenching with ketones, epoxides, and oxetanes, leads to highly substituted β-, γ-, and δ-lactones in good to excellent yields.