Thomas G. Hallam

Learn More © The Ecological Society of America T the world, humans compete with a multitude of pest species for food, fiber, and timber, although natural predators greatly reduce the densities of many of these pests. Loss of natural pest control services could have important economic, environmental, and human health consequences (Daily(More)
System level effects exhibited by a population subjected to a chronic or an acute dose of toxicant are the emphasis of this study. A three dimensional model of a toxicant and a population, with state variables (the population biomass, the concentration of toxicant in an organism, and the concentration of toxicant in the environment) coupled by a linear(More)
The probability of persistence of many species of hibernating bats in the United States is greatly reduced by an emerging infectious disease, white-nose syndrome (WNS). In the United States WNS is rapidly spreading and is associated with a psychrophilic fungus, Geomyces destructans. WNS has caused massive mortality of bats that hibernate. Efforts to control(More)
As ecological information on life history and habitat characteristics has become more sophisticated, models have become more realistic, and simulation methodology has become more important. The numerical analysis of simulation models, especially those of complex structured ecological systems, is generally lacking. The numerical analysis techniques developed(More)
Many emerging and reemerging viruses, such as rabies, SARS, Marburg, and Ebola have bat populations as disease reservoirs. Understanding the spillover from bats to humans and other animals, and the associated health risks requires an analysis of the disease dynamics in bat populations. Traditional compartmental epizootic models, which are relatively easy to(More)
During the past 12000 years agricultural systems have transitioned from natural habitats to conventional agricultural regions and recently to large areas of genetically engineered (GE) croplands. This GE revolution occurred for cotton in a span of slightly more than a decade during which a switch occurred in major cotton production areas from growing 100%(More)
Bats are natural reservoirs of rabies. We address the maintenance of the disease in bat colonies by developing individual and population models that generate indicators of risk of rabies to bats, that provide dynamic estimates of effects of rabies on population densities, and that suggest consequences of viral exposures and infections in bats relative to(More)
White-nose syndrome (WNS) is an emerging disease of hibernating bats probably caused by a pathogenic fungus, Geomyces destructans. The fungus has dispersed rapidly in the Northeastern United States and Canada and is presently a serious risk to hibernating bats of the mid-southern United States. Our objectives were to investigate how the environmental(More)