Thomas G. Consler

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Xenobiotics induce the transcription of cytochromes P450 (CYPs) 2B and 3A through the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR; NR1I2), respectively. In this report, we have systematically compared a series of xenobiotics and natural steroids for their effects on mouse and human CAR and PXR. Our results demonstrate dual(More)
Bile acids regulate the transcription of genes that control cholesterol homeostasis through molecular mechanisms that are poorly understood. Physiological concentrations of free and conjugated chenodeoxycholic acid, lithocholic acid, and deoxycholic acid activated the farnesoid X receptor (FXR; NR1H4), an orphan nuclear receptor. As ligands, these bile(More)
Transcriptional regulation by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is mediated by hormone binding, receptor dimerization, and coactivator recruitment. Here, we report the crystal structure of the human GR ligand binding domain (LBD) bound to dexamethasone and a coactivator motif derived from the transcriptional intermediary factor 2. Despite structural(More)
In the course of a high throughput screen to search for ligands of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), we identified GW9662 using a competition binding assay against the human ligand binding domain. GW9662 had nanomolar IC(50) versus PPARgamma and was 10- and 600-fold less potent in binding experiments using PPARalpha and(More)
X-ray crystal structures of the ligand binding domain (LBD) of the estrogen-related receptor-gamma (ERRgamma) were determined that describe this receptor in three distinct states: unliganded, inverse agonist bound, and agonist bound. Two structures were solved for the unliganded state, the ERRgamma LBD alone, and in complex with a coregulator peptide(More)
A series of 1,3,5-triazine-based estrogen receptor (ER) modulators that are modestly selective for the ERbeta subtype are reported. Compound 1, which displayed modest potency and selectivity for ERbeta vs ERalpha, was identified via high-throughput screening utilizing an ERbeta SPA-based binding assay. Subsequent analogue preparation resulted in the(More)
A simplified approach for purification of functional lactose permease from Escherichia coli is described that is based on the construction of chimeras between the permease and a 100-amino acid residue polypeptide containing the biotin acceptor domain from the oxaloacetate decarboxylase of Klebsiella pneumoniae [Cronan, J. E., Jr. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265,(More)
A cell-free assay was developed for the orphan nuclear receptor LXRalpha that measures the ligand-dependent recruitment of a peptide from the steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1) to the nuclear receptor. Using this ligand-sensing assay (LiSA), the structural requirements for activation of the receptor by oxysterols and related compounds were studied. The(More)
A scintillation proximity assay for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ligand binding domain is described. Scintillation proximity offers an equilibrium method for detecting ligands that is both cost effective and fully automatable. The method described here is the first reported scintillation proximity assay for a peroxisome(More)
Numerous biochemical and structural studies have shown that the conformation of the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) can be influenced by ligand binding. In turn, the conformational state of ERalpha affects the ability of the receptor to interact with a wide variety of protein accessory factors. To globally investigate ligand-based cofactor recruitment(More)