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Changes from the fourth edition of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) to the fifth edition are discussed, with particular emphasis on how the electronic administration facilitated assessment. The hierarchical organization and conceptualization of primary indices have been adjusted, based on recent theory and research on the construct of(More)
A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted examining the higher order factor structure of the WISC-IV scores for 344 children who participated in neuropsychological evaluations at a large children's hospital. The WISC-IV factor structure mirrored that of the standardization sample. The second order general intelligence factor (g) accounted for the largest(More)
The P300 (P3) event-related brain potential was elicited in a group of 50 children and young adults (4-20 years). A simple auditory task was employed in which subjects indicated with a finger movement when a randomly occurring target tone (high pitch) was presented in a series of standard (low pitch) tones. The probability of the target tone was varied(More)
Male rats, kept under a lighting condition of 14-h light, 10-h dark, were subjected to scheduled feeding regimens. Food was available either in the early light phase or the early dark phase. The 24-h rhythms of serum corticosterone and of N-acetylserotonin (NAS) and melatonin (MT) in the pineal and serum were determined. It was found that whereas serum(More)
The P300 component was obtained from ten pairs of identical twins and matched control subjects with an auditory discrimination task. The event-related brain potentials (ERPs) from the identical twins were strikingly similar in amplitude and latency compared to control subject pairs. The data suggest that individual variations in ERP waveform morphology are(More)
P300 event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were obtained from 20 pairs of male and 20 pairs of female undergraduate subjects. One member of each pair reported having a father who was alcoholic (FHP), the other reported no known alcoholic biological relative (FHN). Pair members were matched on age, height, weight, grade point average, and personal drinking(More)
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is a congenital disorder of neuronal migration that is increasingly recognized as a common cause of seizures in children, occurring in 20-30% of all surgically treated cases of epilepsy in the pediatric population. Advances in neuroimaging have contributed to recognition of FCD. We report 15 children (9 female, 6 male) with(More)
Research findings regarding the effects of childhood epilepsy on general intelligence have produced variable results. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of epilepsy, age of seizure onset, and Antiepileptic Drugs (AED) on intellectual ability as assessed by the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 3rd Edition (WISC-III; Wechsler,(More)
Task-induced deactivation (TID) potentially reflects the interactions between the default mode and task specific networks, which are assumed to be age dependent. The study of the age association of such interactions provides insight about the maturation of neural networks, and lays out the groundwork for evaluating abnormal development of neural networks in(More)