Thomas G Brown

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A trio of concurrent variable-interval schedules of reinforcement was arranged according to a changeover-key procedure, including a changeover delay of 1.5 sec. The three schedules provided a combined maximum reinforcement rate of 45 reinforcements per hour. With that restriction, the nine experimental conditions included several combinations of(More)
Although individuals who exhibit both alcohol and cocaine dependency are seen increasingly in traditional alcoholism rehabilitation settings, their comparability with "pure" alcoholics is unclear. Sociodemographic, psychological, cognitive, and substance abuse status were, therefore, monitored in a group of alcoholics (n = 64) versus a group of cocaine(More)
RATIONALE Individuals with a family history of alcoholism may present a dysfunction in the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis that predates the development of alcoholism. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated the hypothesis that this HPA-axis dysfunction is associated with alterations in the pattern of the circadian (24 h)(More)
Cortisol is a stress hormone mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and a psychobiological marker of genetic risk for alcoholism and other high-risk behavioural characteristics. In previous work with driving under the influence of alcohol (DUI) recidivists, we uncovered a significant inverse relationship between the frequency of past DUI(More)
Individuals who drive under the influence (DUI) of alcohol may be at greater risk for neurocognitive impairment because of their exposure to multiple sources of neurological risk. This could contribute to the persistence of DUI behaviour and influence the effectiveness of remedial interventions. The objectives of this study were to clarify the(More)
BACKGROUND The reconsolidation blocker propranolol abolishes alcohol and drug-seeking behavior in rodents and attenuates conditioned emotional responses to drug-cues in humans in experimental settings. This suggests a role for its use in the treatment of substance dependence. In this translational pilot study, we explored the feasibility and efficacy of(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objectives were as follows: 1) to survey the literature on motivational interviewing (MI), "a client-centered yet directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving client ambivalence" and a well-established method of brief intervention, especially in the field of addictions treatment; 2) to review(More)