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The set of guidelines for good clinical research practice (GCRP) in pharmacodynamic studies of neuromuscular blocking agents, which was developed following an international consensus conference in Copenhagen, has been revised and updated following the second consensus conference in Stockholm in 2005. It is hoped that these guidelines will continue to help(More)
BACKGROUND Vocal cord sequelae and postoperative hoarseness during general anesthesia are a significant source of morbidity for patients and a source of liability for anesthesiologists. Several risk factors leading to laryngeal injury have been identified in the past. However, whether the quality of tracheal intubation affects their incidence or severity is(More)
Fifty-two randomized trials (5,318 patients) were included in this meta-analysis. In controls, the incidence of fasciculation was 95%, and the incidence of myalgia at 24 h was 50%. Nondepolarizing muscle relaxants, lidocaine, or magnesium prevented fasciculation (number needed to treat, 1.2-2.5). Best prevention of myalgia was with nonsteroidal(More)
We have estimated the effect of omitting antagonism of neuromuscular block on postoperative nausea and vomiting. A systematic search (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Biological Abstracts, Cochrane library, reference lists and hand searching; no language restriction, up to March 1998) was performed for relevant randomized controlled trials. In eight studies (1134(More)
SUGAMMADEX IS BELONGING TO A NEW CLASS OF DRUGS the selective relaxant binding agents. Sugammadex can reverse residual paralysis by encapsulating free circulating non depolarizing muscle relaxants. The mains advantages of sugammadex when compared with conventional anticholinesterase agents are a much faster recovery time and the unique ability, for the(More)
BACKGROUND This study assessed the concentration of rocuronium in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients undergoing cerebral aneurysm clipping, and investigated whether the mode of administration (single bolus vs continuous infusion) influenced the CSF concentration. METHODS Twenty patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage were randomly allocated to(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of residual paralysis, i.e., a mechanomyographic train-of-four (TOF) ratio (T4/T1) less than 0.9, remains frequent. Routine acceleromyography has been proposed to detect residual paralysis in clinical practice. Although acceleromyographic data are easy to obtain, they differ from mechanomyographic data, with which they are not(More)
BACKGROUND The use of muscle relaxants in outpatient anaesthesia is controversial; some authors recommend an induction regimen including propofol and opioids without muscle relaxants. This study evaluated the requirements for rocuronium after remifentanil/propofol. METHODS We examined in four groups of ASA I-II patients (n= 30 for each) the intubating(More)
BACKGROUND Acceleromyography is regularly used as an isolated test to detect residual paralysis. The performance of acceleromyography, however, has not been investigated for the setting where calibration is impossible. This study first evaluated the reliability of a single acceleromyographic train-of-four (TOF) ratio (T4/T1) to detect residual paralysis and(More)
The first part of this article presents an update of the basic considerations of neuromuscular monitoring. It emphasises the need to assure supramaximal stimulation, to place the stimulating electrodes correctly and to use appropriate sites for nerve stimulation as well as appropriate stimulation patterns. The second part focuses on current developments and(More)