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Several tests of human conscious knee proprioception have been described, but there is no consensus or reference standard established. Difficulties remain in the separation of information originating from muscles, tendons, and joints, and the tests cannot discriminate between loss of afferent signals or altered activity in the remaining receptors. There is(More)
Proprioception of the knee was measured in 19 healthy individuals to evaluate whether there were any differences between extension and flexion movements from two different starting positions. The threshold before detecting a passive movement, visual estimation on a protractor of a passive change in position (30 degrees angular change) and active(More)
Stabilometry is a technique designed to register postural equilibrium control. This investigation used a computerized strain gauge force plate to measure sway movements in the frontal plane with the patient standing on one leg. Fifty-five young healthy individuals were studied as a reference group and to determine the reproducibility of the method. The(More)
Proprioception of the knee was measured in 20 patients with reconstructed anterior cruciate ligaments and in 19 age-matched controls. The mean time from surgery was 2 years. Three tests of proprioception were used: (a) threshold to detection of passive motion from 20 and 40 degrees toward flexion and extension, (b) active reproduction of a 30 degrees(More)
A defect in proprioception has been found in selected patient groups that have an anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee at different times after the original injury. The time of development and the extent of such defects were studied longitudinally on 16 consecutive patients. During the first year after a primary knee injury, which included a complete(More)
A disturbed proprioception has been described in patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient knee. The relation to demographic data and to different commonly associated anatomical lesions, as well as to subjective knee function, was prospectively studied in 16 consecutive patients after an acute knee ligament injury. All patients had a(More)
BACKGROUND To assess balance in single-limb stance, center of pressure movements can be registered by stabilometry with force platforms. This can be used for evaluation of injuries to the lower extremities. It is important to ensure that the assessment tools we use in the clinical setting and in research have minimal measurement error. Previous studies have(More)
It has previously been shown that knee injuries with ACL ruptures may lead to decreased proprioception and that exercise in a normal population, uninjured individuals, may reduce the proprioceptive ability. How proprioception is affected by exercise in patients with ACL deficiency has, to our knowledge, not been studied before. Knee joint proprioception was(More)
Information about limb positions and movements consists of input from visual, vestibular, cutaneous, muscular, tendinous and joint receptors, but the relative contribution from each type and location of receptors is not known. The aim of this study was: a) to measure the contribution from visual control on extremity function, as measured with a one-leg hop(More)
The aim of the investigation was to study and compare the effect of two basically different training methods on muscle strength and knee function on a consecutive and prospective series of 26 conservatively treated patients with chronic anterior cruciate ligament injury. The two training models were: model Q directed towards specific training of knee(More)