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OBJECTIVES In this prospective preclinical study, we evaluated T1-weighted signal intensity in the deep cerebellar nuclei (CN) and globus pallidus (GP) up to 24 days after repeated administration of linear and macrocyclic gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) using homologous imaging and evaluation methods as in the recently published retrospective(More)
An animal model for safety assessment of genetically modified foods was tested as part of the SAFOTEST project. In a 90-day feeding study on Wistar rats, the transgenic KMD1 rice expressing Cry1Ab protein was compared to its non-transgenic parental wild type, Xiushui 11. The KMD1 rice contained 15mg Bt toxin/kg and based on the average feed consumption the(More)
Genetically modified plants expressing insecticidal traits offer a new strategy for crop protection, but at the same time present a challenge in terms of food safety assessment. The present 90-day feeding study was designed to assess the safety of a rice variety expressing the snowdrop Galanthus nivalis lectin (GNA lectin), and forms part of a EU-funded(More)
The 90-day animal study is the core study for the safety assessment of genetically modified foods in the SAFOTEST project. The model compound tested in the 90-day study was a rice variety expressing the kidney bean Phaseolus vulgaris lectin agglutinin E-form (PHA-E lectin). Female Wistar rats were given a nutritionally balanced purified diet with 60%(More)
Recent reports suggest that nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is associated with the administration of gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents (GBCAs) and in particular with the stability of the Gd-complex. The aim of this investigation was to compare GBCAs and their potential to trigger NSF. Forty-two healthy male rats received repeated intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVES Several recent publications have suggested an association between the administration of gadolinium (Gd)-based contrast agents and the occurrence of Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (NSF), an acquired disorder marked by skin thickening and fibrosis occurring in patients with severe renal dysfunction. The aim of this study was to establish a(More)
OBJECTIVES Assessment of the complex stability and Gd3+ dissociation rate of all marketed gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents (GBCA) in human serum at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C. METHODS AND RESULTS The kinetic profiles of Gd3+ dissociation of GBCAs were determined by incubation for 15 days in human serum from healthy volunteers at a concentration of 1(More)
PURPOSE To determine the safety, pharmacokinetics, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging results of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) as a contrast agent for use in hepatobiliary MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Gd-EOB-DTPA was tested at doses of 10, 25, 50, and 100 mumol per kilogram of body weight. Results of(More)
Gd-Ethoxybenzyl-DTPA (Gd-EOB-DTPA) is a highly water-soluble paramagnetic contrast agent. Due to its protein binding of about 10% and its lipophilic residue, Gd-EOB-DTPA exhibits both renal (30% of the dose) and hepatobiliary (70%) excretion in rats. Despite its lipophilic character, the compound displays a low toxicity (LD50 = 7.5 mmol/kg). T1-relaxivity(More)
OBJECTIVE Several publications have suggested a possible association between Gd-based contrast agents (GBCAs) and the development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, a rare but serious disease. To date, nephrogenic systemic fibrosis has been observed only in patients with severe renal insufficiency.The aim of this study was to determine the impact of a(More)