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Twenty-seven veteran subjects with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were evaluated for dissociative disorders. Ten subjects met criteria for one or more dissociative disorders, and 17 subjects did not meet dissociative disorder criteria. Neurocognitive profiles of the two groups differed in several areas, with veterans meeting diagnostic(More)
Recent findings using volumetric MRI techniques have revealed that patients with combat-related and noncombat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have reductions in right hippocampal volume. Twenty-one veterans with PTSD and eight age-matched control veterans were studied using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to test the hypothesis that the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was carried out to compare the efficacy of lithium carbonate with that of valproate in acute mania and to determine whether pretreatment clinical characteristics, such as the presence of a mixed affective state, might predict a differential response to the two drugs. METHOD Twenty-seven patients meeting DSM-III-R criteria for acute(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to compare medial temporal lobe (MTL) concentrations of N-acetylaspartate and choline between former prisoners of war (POWs) with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). MTL N-acetylaspartate and reexperiencing symptoms correlated strongly in the POW subjects with PTSD, suggesting a relationship(More)
The authors aim to delineate cognitive dysfunction associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by evaluating a well-defined cohort of former World War II prisoners of war (POWs) with documented trauma and minimal comorbidities. The authors studied a cross-sectional assessment of neuropsychological performance in former POWs with PTSD, PTSD with(More)
The neural interface between sensory perception and memory is a central issue in neuroscience, particularly initial memory organization following perceptual analyses. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify anatomic regions extracting initial auditory semantic memory information related to environmental sounds. Two distinct anatomic foci(More)
Vietnam veterans with chronic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been frequently reported to exhibit high levels of aggression and violent behavior. In this study, gun collection and use habits, attitudes toward violence, and self-reported levels of aggression were compared between veterans with chronic PTSD and non-PTSD veterans with(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the few psychiatric conditions in which a subjective decrease in emotional range serves as a diagnostic criterion. In order to investigate whether veterans with chronic PTSD also experienced objective limitations in emotional perception, the authors administered the Aprosodia Battery to a group of 11 veterans(More)
To determine the relationship between weight loss suffered by former prisoners of war during captivity during World War II and the Korean Conflict and current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, the Clinician-Administered PTSD Symptom Scale, a lifetime stressor checklist, and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV were administered to 102(More)