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Retarded wound healing was found in mice deficient in the serine protease precursor plasminogen, as well as in wild-type mice treated with the metalloprotease inhibitor galardin, but in both cases wound closure was ultimately completed in all mice within 60 days. The expression of several matrix metalloproteases in keratinocytes migrating to cover the wound(More)
Using the Boyden chamber invasion assay, the effect of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1 apha,25(OH)2D3] on the invasiveness of the highly invasive, oestrogen receptor-negative human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 was examined. The MDA-MB-231 cells were shown to contain high-affinity receptors for 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 with a Kd of 1.5 x 10(-11) M. When the(More)
The plasminogen (Plg)/plasminogen activator (PA) system plays a key role in cancer progression, presumably via mediating extracellular matrix degradation and tumor cell migration. Consequently, urokinase-type PA (uPA)/plasmin antagonists are currently being developed for suppression of tumor growth and angiogenesis. Paradoxically, however, high levels of PA(More)
The development of resistance to the antiestrogen tamoxifen occurs in a high percentage of initially responsive patients. We have developed a new model in which to investigate acquired resistance to triphenylethylenes. A stepwise in vitro selection of the hormone-independent human breast cancer variant MCF-7/LCC1 against 4-hydroxytamoxifen produced a stable(More)
Acquired resistance to antiestrogens is a major problem in the clinical management of initially endocrine responsive metastatic breast cancer. We have shown previously that estrogen-independent and -responsive MCF7/LCC1 human breast cancer cells selected for resistance to the triphenylethylene tamoxifen produce a variant (MCF7/LCC2) that retains sensitivity(More)
In vitro analyses of basement membrane invasiveness employing Matrigel (a murine tumor extract rich in basement membrane components) have been performed on human breast cancer model systems. Constitutive invasiveness of different human breast cancer (HBC) cell lines has been examined as well as regulation by steroid hormones, growth factors, and oncogenes.(More)
The European Clinical Trials Directive of 2004 has increased the amount of paper work and reduced the number of initiated clinical trials. Particularly multinational trials have been delayed. To meet this challenge we developed a novel, simplified, fast and easy strategy for on-line toxicity registration for patients treated according to the Nordic/Baltic(More)
The plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) blocks the activation of plasmin(ogen), an extracellular protease vital to cancer invasion. PAI-1 is like the corresponding plasminogen activator uPA (urokinase-type plasminogen activator) consistently expressed in human breast cancer. Paradoxically, high levels of PAI-1 as well as uPA are equally associated(More)
We have developed a computer-assisted stereological method based on unbiased principles for estimating metastasis volumes in mouse lungs. We evaluated this method using the transplantable Lewis lung carcinoma. Twenty-one days after subcutaneous inoculation of 10(6) Lewis lung cells into C57BL/6J mice, the mice had primary tumors with an average volume of(More)