Thomas F. Warner

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether an electrode array with a bipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) energy source can be used to perform a haemostatic partial nephrectomy by simultaneously ablating and coagulating renal tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS Lower-pole partial nephrectomy was performed in 12 porcine kidneys using a bipolar RFA system. Intraoperative(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare CT and sonography for monitoring radiofrequency (RF) lesions in porcine livers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS RF lesions (n = 12) were created in three pig livers by applying 13 min of current to a multielectrode RF probe with a target temperature of 95 degrees C. Helical unenhanced CT and corresponding axial(More)
OBJECTIVE This study determined the effect of vascular occlusion on radiofrequency lesion shape, volume, and temperature in a porcine liver model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Radiofrequency lesions (n = 33) were created in the livers of six domestic pigs in vivo using a multiprong radiofrequency electrode. Lesions were randomly assigned to one of four vascular(More)
PURPOSE We report initial ex vivo and in vivo studies using bipolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation of porcine kidneys. An internal ground electrode is positioned in the kidney opposite the RF electrode, resulting in ablation of all the intervening renal tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ex vivo preparations of 10 porcine kidneys were perfused continuously with(More)
Groups of 15 laboratory-bred beagles were vaccinated and boosted with either a placebo or adjuvanted bivalent bacterin comprised of a traditional Borrelia burgdorferi strain and a unique ospA- and ospB-negative B. burgdorferi strain that expressed high levels of OspC and then challenged with B. burgdorferi-infected Ixodes scapularis ticks. The vaccinated(More)
We recently hypothesized that T helper 17 (Th17) cells and their associated cytokines are involved in the development of arthritis following infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. Here, we show that interleukin-23 (IL-23), a survival factor for Th17 cells, is required for the induction of arthritis in mice vaccinated with B. burgdorferi strain 297 and(More)
CD4(+) CD25(+) T cells are a population of regulatory T cells responsible for the modulation of the immune response in several autoimmune and infectious disease models. We previously showed that adoptive transfer of enriched CD4(+) CD25(+) T cells also plays a major role in the prevention of arthritis in Borrelia-vaccinated (Borrelia burgdorferi isolate(More)
Patients with myeloma harbour circulating lymphocytes which bear the idiotypic determinants (SIg-id+ cells) of their own myeloma protein. Circulating white cells with abnormal karyotypes have been found in other patients with this disease. SIg-id+ lymphocytes have also been identified in the peripheral blood of myeloma-tumour-bearing mice. Murine myelomas(More)
OBJECTIVE To study neuroendocrine cells and nerves in vestibular glands of patients with vestibulitis. STUDY DESIGN Substance P chromogranin, serotonin and neuron-specific enolase immunoreactivity was studied in vestibular gland tissue. Electron microscopic analysis was performed on vestibular duct tissue. RESULTS Neuroendocrine cells containing(More)