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OBJECTIVE To determine whether an electrode array with a bipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA) energy source can be used to perform a haemostatic partial nephrectomy by simultaneously ablating and coagulating renal tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS Lower-pole partial nephrectomy was performed in 12 porcine kidneys using a bipolar RFA system. Intraoperative(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare CT and sonography for monitoring radiofrequency (RF) lesions in porcine livers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS RF lesions (n = 12) were created in three pig livers by applying 13 min of current to a multielectrode RF probe with a target temperature of 95 degrees C. Helical unenhanced CT and corresponding axial(More)
Systemic fungal infections are becoming more common and difficult to treat, yet the pathogenesis of these infectious diseases remains poorly understood. In many cases, pathogenicity can be attributed to the ability of the fungi to adhere to target tissues, but the lack of tractable genetic systems has limited progress in understanding and interfering with(More)
OBJECTIVE This study determined the effect of vascular occlusion on radiofrequency lesion shape, volume, and temperature in a porcine liver model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Radiofrequency lesions (n = 33) were created in the livers of six domestic pigs in vivo using a multiprong radiofrequency electrode. Lesions were randomly assigned to one of four vascular(More)
PURPOSE To determine the safety and feasibility of percutaneous cryoablation with computed tomographic (CT) guidance in a pig liver model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Nine angiographic balloons (mean diameter, 9 mm) were placed in the livers of seven domestic pigs (mean weight, 30.0 kg +/- 14.0 [SD]) as tumor-mimicking lesions. By using ultrasonographic and CT(More)
INTRODUCTION Synovial fibroblasts invade cartilage and bone, leading to joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. However, the mechanisms that regulate synovial fibroblast invasion are not well understood. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) has been implicated in cellular invasion in several cell types, and FAK inhibitors are in clinical trials for cancer(More)
Two commercially available Bifidobacterium spp. (Bifidobacterium infantis and Bifidobacterium lactis) were compared for their capacities to protect immunodeficient bg/bg-nu/nuand bg/bg-nu/+mice from orogastric and lethal candidiasis. Both Bifidobacterium spp. prolonged the survival of Candida albicans-colonized adult and neonatal bg/bg-nu/numice. The(More)
Two commercially available isolates of Lactobacillus acidophilus (NCFM and LA-1) were compared for their capacities to protect immunodeficient bg/bg-nu/un and bg/bg-nu/+ mice from candidiasis. L. acidophilus NCFM prolonged survival of adult and neonatal bg/bg-nu/nu mice, inhibited disseminated candidiasis in both mouse strains, suppressed weight loss(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between lung and joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is poorly understood. Lung inflammation with resultant protein citrullination may trigger anti-citrullinated protein antibodies, inflammation, and arthritis. Alternatively, lung and joint inflammation may be two manifestations of a single underlying pathology. The lung(More)