Thomas F. Myers

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To determine the incidence and risk factors for neonatal hypertension we studied the entire population of 3179 infants admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit over a 6-year period. We report a 0.81% (26/3179) incidence of hypertension in this population. In 13 patients (50%) the hypertension was renal in origin. In four patients (15.4%), the etiology(More)
To determine whether multiple doses of bovine surfactant would improve neonatal mortality in very premature neonates, we conducted two multicenter controlled trials under identical protocols; the results were combined for analysis. Four hundred and thirty neonates born between 23 and 29 weeks gestation and weighing 600 to 1250 g at birth were assigned(More)
We evaluated the effects of pancuronium and opiates on plasma beta-endorphin concentrations in 25 infants supported by mechanical ventilation. Infants receiving opiate were randomly assigned to receive either fentanyl or morphine. There was no change in beta-endorphin concentrations after administration of pancuronium, whereas both fentanyl and morphine(More)
We report a 650 g, 24 week hyperkalemic newborn who developed both cecal impaction and perforation after treatment with sodium polystyrene sulfonate enemas. Flat plate abdominal radiographs revealed impacted resin as a radiodense material outlining the bowel. Pathological examination showed sodium polystyrene sulfonate crystals contained in the cecal(More)
The effects of sepsis on carbohydrate metabolism were studied in preterm newborn infants (weight > 1.2 kg, appropriate for gestational age) without maternal endocrine problems who were being examined for infection. Plasma glucose, lactate, and insulin concentrations were measured at initial evaluation and then every 8 hours for a total of 48 hours. Blood,(More)
We report 15 patients with neonatal stroke reviewed retrospectively. Twelve patients had left middle cerebral artery involvement--the same ratio observed in 36 previously reported patients with strokes. We studied 20 normal neonates prospectively to determine whether a difference in flow velocity could be detected between the left and right middle cerebral(More)
Insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGF-I and IGF-II) play a role in regulating fetal growth and development. Their actions in target tissues are modulated in part by binding to IGF binding proteins 1 and 2 (IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2). In this study, we examined the effect of fetal exposure to alcohol IGF-I and on IGF-II and IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 mRNA in placenta(More)
The effects of dexamethasone therapy on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis were tested in 10 premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia by means of the corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test before therapy and on the seventh day of therapy. Adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. There was(More)
Within a 28-day period, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) developed in 20 of 38 infants (53%). Patients with NEC were compared with the remaining 18 infants hospitalized at the same time who did not acquire the disease. Complications of pregnancy and labor-delivery and infant care practices did not differ between groups. Mean chronologic age was significantly(More)