Thomas F. Miller

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We present a coarse-grained modeling approach that spans the nanosecond- to minute-timescale dynamics of cotranslational protein translocation. The method enables direct simulation of both integral membrane protein topogenesis and transmembrane domain (TM) stop-transfer efficiency. Simulations reveal multiple kinetic pathways for protein integration,(More)
The most widely used algorithm for Monte Carlo sampling of electronic transitions in trajectory surface hopping (TSH) calculations is the so-called anteater algorithm, which is inefficient for sampling low-probability nonadiabatic events. We present a new sampling scheme (called the army ants algorithm) for carrying out TSH calculations that is applicable(More)
Density functional theory (DFT) provides a formally exact framework for quantum embedding. The appearance of nonadditive kinetic energy contributions in this context poses significant challenges, but using optimized effective potential (OEP) methods, various groups have devised DFT-in-DFT methods that are equivalent to Kohn−Sham (KS) theory on the whole(More)
We have used the ring-polymer molecular dynamics method to calculate approximate Kubo-transformed velocity autocorrelation functions and self-diffusion coefficients for low-pressure liquid para-hydrogen at temperatures of 25 and 14 K. The resulting diffusion coefficients are shown to be consistent with experimental shear viscosities and the established(More)
Sliding clamps are toroidal proteins that encircle DNA and act as mobile platforms for DNA replication and repair machinery. To be loaded onto DNA, the eukaryotic sliding clamp Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) must be splayed open at one of the subunit-subunit interfaces by the ATP-dependent clamp loader, Replication Factor C, whose(More)
We characterize the conformational dynamics and substrate selectivity of the signal recognition particle (SRP) using a thermodynamic free energy cycle approach and microsecond timescale molecular dynamics simulations. The SRP is a central component of the co-translational protein targeting machinery that binds to the N-terminal signal peptide (SP) of(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasmacytoid precursor dendritic cell facilitating cells (p-preDC FCs) play a critical role in facilitation of syngeneic and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) engraftment. Here, we evaluated the phenotype and function of CD8(+)/TCR(-) FCs from NOD mice. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The phenotype of CD8(+)/TCR(-) FCs was analyzed by flow(More)
A1 Functional advantages of cell-type heterogeneity in neural circuits Tatyana O. Sharpee A2 Mesoscopic modeling of propagating waves in visual cortex Alain Destexhe A3 Dynamics and biomarkers of mental disorders Mitsuo Kawato F1 Precise recruitment of spiking output at theta frequencies requires dendritic h-channels in multi-compartment models of(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of lithium-ion transport in polymers is crucial for the design of polymer electrolytes. We combine modular synthesis, electrochemical characterization, and molecular simulation to investigate lithium-ion transport in a new family of polyester-based polymers and in poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO). Theoretical predictions of(More)
The canonical mechanism for multispanning membrane protein topogenesis suggests that protein topology is established during cotranslational membrane integration. However, this mechanism is inconsistent with the behavior of EmrE, a dual-topology protein for which the mutation of positively charged loop residues, even close to the C-terminus, leads to(More)