Thomas F Lytle

Learn More
Estuarine ecosystems are being rapidly degraded by environmental toxicants from municipal and industrial wastes, agricultural runoff, recreational boating, shipping, and coastal development, ranking them as the most anthropogenically degraded habitat types on earth. Toxicity tests are used to establish links between adverse ecological effects and the(More)
Abstract-Aquatic organisms in agricultural regions typically are exposed to mixtures of agrochemicals, and effects are not adequately predicted from results of single pesticide exposure studies. Thus, a mesocosm study was designed to examine the fate and effects of varying mixtures of three pesticides (chlorpyrifos, atrazine, and monosodium methanearsonate)(More)
The effects of tributyltin (TBT) to the life cycle of the estuarine fish Cyprinodon variegatus were examined in a 180-day flow-through exposure. The study was initiated with embryos less than 24 h postfertilization and monitored through hatch, maturation, growth, and reproduction under continuous exposure to mean measured TBT concentrations of 5.4, 3.2,(More)
Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) administered by water-borne exposures caused dose-related carcinogenic effects in livers of two small fish species, the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) and the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Medaka and guppies each were given two 6-h exposures. The first exposure was conducted on 6- to 10-day-old specimens. The second exposure was given(More)
In this paper, we review studies on the carcinogenic effects of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), on the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) and the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Exposure media were prepared by adding PAHs to water, with and without dimethylformamide (DMF) as a carrier,(More)
Atrazine is a herbicide used most frequently in North America, but it usually is encountered in mixtures of agrochemicals. Few atrazine exposure studies have been conducted using mixed pesticides; therefore, little data are available to suggest reliable means of discerning effects attributable to atrazine. The common freshwater macrophyte, Juncus effusus(More)
There is evidence that highly unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids present in fish oils can provide a cancer-protective effect; however, when added to laboratory rodent formulations, these fatty acids are subject to rapid and/or extensive oxidation and other chemical changes by exposure to air, light, or heat during processing of pellets or when stored for(More)
  • 1