Thomas F. Laughlin

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Precise comparisons of mammalian gene maps require common anchor loci as landmarks for conserved chromosomal segments. Using a computer script that automates DNA sequence database alignments, we designed 410 evolutionarily conserved primer pair sequences which are specific for anchor locus gene amplification from any mammalian species' DNA. Primer pairs(More)
A comparative gene map of the horse genome composed of 127 loci was assembled based on the new assignment of 68 equine type I loci and on data published previously. PCR primers based on consensus gene sequences conserved across mammalian species were used to amplify markers for assigning 68 equine type I loci to 27 horse synteny groups established(More)
The measurement of clonal heterogeneity is central to understanding the evolutionary and population genetics of the roughly 50 species of vertebrates that lack effective genetic recombination. Simple-sequence DNA fingerprinting with oligonucleotide probes (CAC)5 and (GACA)4 is a sensitive and efficient means of detecting this heterogeneity in natural(More)
Previous investigations of natural populations of the hermaphroditic, self-fertilizing fish species Rivulus marmoratus demonstrated a surprising amount of interclonal differentiation among highly polymorphic "DNA fingerprint" loci. The genetic differentiation observed among clones was thought to be the effect of extreme population mixing because of high(More)
Comparative anchor tagged sequences (CATS) from human Chromosome 5 (HSA5) were used as PCR primers to produce molecular markers for synteny mapping in the horse. Primer sets for 21 genes yielded eight horse-specific markers, which were mapped with the UC Davis horse–mouse somatic cell hybrid panel into two synteny groups: UCD14 and UCD21. These data, in(More)
In this review we discuss the role of ATP synthase as a molecular drug target for natural and synthetic antimicrobial/ antitumor peptides. We start with an introduction of the universal nature of the ATP synthase enzyme and its role as a biological nanomotor. Significant structural features required for catalytic activity and motor functions of ATP synthase(More)
Recombination is unknown in natural populations of Rivulus marmoratus, a selfing hermaphrodite, and genetic variation is likely due to mutation alone. DNA fingerprinting with an array of microsatellite [e.g., (CT)9] and minisatellite (e.g., the 33.15 core sequence) probes reveals very high clonal diversity within samples of seven Floridian populations, of(More)
In this review we discuss the inhibitory effects of dietary polyphenols and amphibian antimicrobial/antitumor peptides on ATP synthase. In the beginning general structural features highlighting catalytic and motor functions of ATP synthase will be described. Some details on the presence of ATP synthase on the surface of several animal cell types, where it(More)
Previously melittin, the alpha-helical basic honey bee venom peptide, was shown to inhibit F(1)-ATPase by binding at the beta-subunit DELSEED motif of F(1)F(o)-ATP synthase. Herein, we present the inhibitory effects of the basic alpha-helical amphibian antimicrobial peptides, ascaphin-8, aurein 2.2, aurein 2.3, carein 1.8, carein 1.9, citropin 1.1,(More)
Previous mapping between the human and pig genomes suggested extensive conservation of human chromosome 13 (HSA13) to pig chromosome 11 (SSC11). The objectives of this study were comparative gene mapping of pig homologs of HSA13 genes and examining gene order within this conserved synteny group by physical assignment of each locus. A detailed HSA13 to SSC11(More)