Thomas F. Duchaine

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In plants, animals, and fungi, members of the Dicer family of RNase III-related enzymes process double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) to initiate small-RNA-mediated gene-silencing mechanisms. To learn how C. elegans Dicer, DCR-1, functions in multiple distinct silencing mechanisms, we used a mass-spectrometry-based proteomics approach to identify DCR-1-interacting(More)
Argonaute (AGO) proteins interact with distinct classes of small RNAs to direct multiple regulatory outcomes. In many organisms, including plants, fungi, and nematodes, cellular RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRPs) use AGO targets as templates for amplification of silencing signals. Here, we show that distinct RdRPs function sequentially to produce small(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) inhibit mRNA expression in general by base pairing to the 3'UTR of target mRNAs and consequently inhibiting translation and/or initiating poly(A) tail deadenylation and mRNA destabilization. Here we examine the mechanism and kinetics of miRNA-mediated deadenylation in mouse Krebs-2 ascites extract. We demonstrate that miRNA-mediated mRNA(More)
Staufen (Stau) is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-binding protein involved in mRNA transport and localization in Drosophila. To understand the molecular mechanisms of mRNA transport in mammals, we cloned human (hStau) and mouse (mStau) staufen cDNAs. In humans, four transcripts arise by differential splicing of the Stau gene and code for two proteins with(More)
Small regulatory RNAs are key regulators of gene expression. One class of small regulatory RNAs, termed the endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo siRNAs), is thought to negatively regulate cellular transcripts via an RNA interference (RNAi)-like mechanism termed endogenous RNAi (endo RNAi). A complex of proteins composed of ERI-1/3/5, RRF-3, and DICER(More)
miRNAs recruit the miRNA-induced silencing complex (miRISC), which includes Argonaute and GW182 as core proteins. GW182 proteins effect translational repression and deadenylation of target mRNAs. However, the molecular mechanisms of GW182-mediated repression remain obscure. We show here that human GW182 independently interacts with the PAN2–PAN3 and(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) is involved in the control of various behaviors in Aplysia californica, including reproduction, feeding, locomotion, circadian rhythm, synaptic plasticity, and synaptic growth. The large variety of functions of 5-HT is mediated by different receptor subtypes that are coupled to different second-messenger systems. Here, we report the cloning(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in gene regulatory networks in animals. Yet, the mechanistic details of their function in translation inhibition or messenger RNA (mRNA) destabilization remain controversial. To directly examine the earliest events in this process, we have developed an in vitro translation system using mouse Krebs-2 ascites(More)
Mammalian Staufen2 (Stau2) is involved in mRNA transport in neurons. Here, we report that Stau2 is a double-stranded RNA-binding protein that is mainly expressed in the brain. We show that Stau2 is found in the somatodendritic compartment of neurons. In dendrites, Stau2 is aligned on individual tracts and colocalizes with microtubules. Stau2 is expressed as(More)
Dicer is central to microRNA-mediated silencing and several other RNA interference phenomena that are profoundly embedded in cancer gene networks. Most recently, both germline and somatic mutations in DICER1 have been identified in diverse types of cancer. Although some of the mutations clearly reduce the dosage of this key enzyme, others dictate(More)