Thomas F. DeKoning

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The cyclopropylpyrroloindole analogues are DNA minor-groove binders containing a cyclopropyl group, which mediates N3-adenine covalent adduct formation in a sequence-selective fashion. Carzelesin (U-80244) is a cyclopropylpyrroloindole prodrug containing a relatively nonreactive chloromethyl precursor to the cyclopropyl function. Activation of carzelesin(More)
It was previously shown that the potent new DNA-binding antibiotic, CC-1065, prolonged life span, but was not curative, when administered to mice bearing a variety of transplantable tumors. In this paper we show results of preliminary studies indicating that CC-1065 caused lethal delayed hepatotoxicity at therapeutic antineoplastic doses. In(More)
Adozelesin (U-73975) is a potent synthetic cyclopropylpyrroloindole (CPI) analog of the cytotoxic DNA-binding antibiotic, CC-1065. In contrast to the natural product, adozelesin and related CPI analogs do not cause delayed death in non-tumored mice. Adozelesin, selected from a series of analogs for its superior in vivo antitumor activity and ease of(More)
PNU-107859, an important representative structure in a novel class of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) inhibitors known as thiadiazoles, was found to be quickly eliminated from rats. A major metabolite (approximately 10% of total dose) was found to be present in the bile of rats. The metabolite in question was isolated and purified from the bile fluids(More)
CC-1065 was found to cause delayed toxicity at therapeutic doses, therefore, a large number of analogs have since been synthesized. A series of analogs with simplified but closely related structures were chosen for this investigation because some were found to be superior to CC-1065 in the treatment of several experimental tumors. The inhibition of L1210(More)
Bizelesin (U-77779, NSC 615291), a synthetic analogue of the cytotoxic antibiotic CC-1065, is a bifunctional alkylating agent that produces DNA interstrand cross-links. Bizelesin was evaluated for antitumor activity against a broad spectrum of syngeneic murine tumors and human tumor xenografts in mice. Systemic drug administration produced >6.7 log10 cell(More)
This study was undertaken in an attempt to evaluate the structure-activity relationship of pyrimidinones. Of 20 pyrimidinones tested, only those with a monohalogen substitution at the ortho- or meta-position of the phenyl moiety of the 2-amino-5-halo-6-phenyl-4(3H)-pyrimidinone and ABPP showed statistically significant synergism with cyclophosphamide (CY)(More)
Bropirimine (ABPP), a pyrimidinone, is currently under clinical trial for its antitumor potential. Bropirimine alone was marginally active against some experimental tumors such as B16 melanoma but was ineffective against others such as P388 or L1210 leukemia. However, it produced statistically significant synergistic activity against P388 leukemia when used(More)
At least three marked differences were noted in the results compared from two parallel experiments using identical protocols with virus-free mice and mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) infected mice inoculated with P388 leukemia. First, the therapeutic effect of cyclophosphamide (CY), a cytotoxic antitumor drug, was apparently augmented in MHV-infected mice. A(More)