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We report a genome-wide association study of melanoma conducted by the GenoMEL consortium based on 317K tagging SNPs for 1,650 selected cases and 4,336 controls, with replication in an additional two cohorts (1,149 selected cases and 964 controls from GenoMEL, and a population-based case-control study in Leeds of 1,163 cases and 903 controls). The(More)
The fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici causes foot and root rot of tomato plants, which can be controlled by the bacteria Pseudomonas fluorescens WCS365 and P. chlororaphis PCL1391. Induced systemic resistance is thought to be involved in biocontrol by P. fluorescens WCS365. The antifungal metabolite phenazine-1-carboxamide (PCN), as well(More)
Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1391 produces the secondary metabolite phenazine-1-carboxamide (PCN), which is an antifungal metabolite required for biocontrol activity of the strain. Identification of conditions involved in PCN production showed that some carbon sources and all amino acids tested promote PCN levels. Decreasing the pH from 7 to 6 or decreasing(More)
Of 214 Pseudomonas strains isolated from maize rhizosphere, 46 turned out to be antagonistic, of which 43 displayed clear colony phase variation. The latter strains formed both opaque and translucent colonies, designated as phase I and phase II, respectively. It appeared that important biocontrol traits, such as motility and the production of antifungal(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain PCL1171 displays colony phase variation between opaque phase I and translucent phase II colonies, thereby regulating the production of secondary metabolites and exoenzymes. Complementation and sequence analysis of 26 phase II mutants and of 13 wild-type phase II sectors growing out of phase I colonies showed that in all these cases(More)
The present status of research on the molecular basis of microbe-plant interactions is discussed. Principles and mechanisms which play a role in the interactions of microbial pathogens, biofertilizers, phytostimulators, rhizoremediators and biocontrol agents with the plants are treated. Special emphasis is given to colonization, phase variation,(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain PCL1171 undergoes reversible colony phase variation between opaque phase I and translucent phase II colonies, which is dependent on spontaneous mutations in the regulatory genes gacA and gacS. Mutation of the mutS gene and constitutive expression of rpoS increases the frequency at which gac mutants appear 1000- and 10-fold,(More)
Invasive individuals from the pest species Jacobaea vulgaris show different allocation patterns in defence and growth compared with native individuals. To examine if these changes are caused by fast evolution, it is necessary to identify native source populations and compare these with invasive populations. For this purpose, we are in need of intraspecific(More)
The rhizobacterium Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1391 produces the antifungal metabolite phenazine-1-carboxamide (PCN), which is a crucial trait in its competition with the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici in the rhizosphere. The expression of the PCN biosynthetic gene cluster in PCL1391 is population density-dependent and(More)
Map-based cloning of mutant genes is straightforward if the genome sequence and sufficient molecular markers are available. When a mutated gene in Arabidopsis causes a clear phenotype and is located in a genomic region where sufficient meiotic recombination takes place, the gene can be identified within 6–12 months. However, mutated genes that cause weak(More)